The Components Of Substance Abuse

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Substance Abuse
No one takes drugs intending to become an addict, addiction is a complex concept. All drugs have addictive properties that make it difficult to stop using. Research today is used to better understand the addiction process and to show how much a substance can affect the abuser’s psychological, medical, physical and social state. There are different theories for why this occurs; causes of addiction are also related and molded to the personality of the ones who use. Understanding the components underlying why these individuals use the substance is key to giving them the right type of treatment.
Cocaine, a powerful stimulant drug, for instance, is one of the most known drugs used today. It was not seen as a dangerous substance
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The stimulant drug is known to heighten blood pressure, body temperature, respiration and heart rate. During intoxication the user has different symptoms such as psychomotor agitation, nausea, pupil dilation, and confusion. Sometimes users experience hallucinations and over time abusers lose weight because of loss of appetite. They also could have a heart attack or stroke. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM-5 defines substance abuse as the, “cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms indicating that the individual continues using the substance despite significant substance-related problems” (2013). Even with all these effects after the initial use of cocaine users continue to abuse the …show more content…
When this happens the neurotransmitters are overflowing with dopamine since the receptors are blocked with cocaine interrupting the flow of the messages. Over a period of time it affects the person 's brain activity and receptors; the brain has adapted to the use of cocaine and when dopamine finally leaves the synapses gap it makes it harder to produce more dopamine. When this happens a user typically feels the need to use again and craves the drug since it cannot function normally without it (Brain Chemistry, 2003). This is essentially the beginning of addiction

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