Drugs: The Role Of Substance Abuse In The United States

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A drug is any substance other than food, that when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin or dissolved under the tongue causes a physiological change in the body. Drugs can be classified into two major categories; medicinal and psychoactive. Medicinal drug is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent or diagnose a disease or promote well-being. On the other hand, psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the function of the central nervous system altering perception, mood or consciousness. Psychoactive drugs are also considered as recreational drugs since they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes. Drug abuse is a continued use of the psychoactive drugs or misuse of prescription …show more content…
This leads to lost wages and decreased productivity, therefore, economically draining the drug abusers ' immediate family and the society at large. Most of the drug abusers end up engaging in anti-social activities and becoming society outlaws. The law, therefore puts them behind bars to contain them. The cost of sustaining them in prison drains government funds since even their dependents are forced to live in public and government assistance. Even after they are released from prison, the drug abusers are unemployable due to criminal and drug history in their records. Therefore, they are still dependent on government and public assistance. Another economic effect arises when a drug abuser develops chronic illnesses which are relatively expensive to treat. This strains the drug user 's family and lowers their financial status drowning them in debts. For example, as the research indicates the estimated annual kidney dialysis cost is $50,000 for just one person suffering from heroin …show more content…
Another major step to curb drug abuse would be to tighten laws and legal jail terms related to drug crimes. This could go a long way in discouraging potential drug abusers as well as rehabilitating the convicted drug abusers. Proper inspection of country boundaries and inspection of all suspicious inbound means of transport could bring down the massive drug empires. Impounded drugs should be destroyed, that way the drug lords would be at a loss and the money that would have been made from the sale will be salvaged. Drug abuse that is not crime related can also be controlled through rehabilitation but also seen as deviant in some

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