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57 Cards in this Set

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developmental psychologists
branch of psych that studies phys, cog and social change throughout the lifespan.
fertilized egg, it enters a 2 week pd of rapid cell division and develops to an embryo
developing human organism from 2 wk-end of 2nd mo
developing human organism from 9 weeks to birth
agents such as chemicals and viruses that can reach the embryo of fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrom
phys and cog abnormalities caused by prego's heavydrinking. severe cases syntoms include noticible facial misproportions... leading cause of mental retardation
rooting reflex
baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek to turn toward the touh, open mouth and search fro nipple
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation as infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to vis. stim their interest wnes and they look away sooner
bio growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience
concept of framework that orgganizes and interprets info
interpreting one's nex experiences in terms of one's existing schemas
adapting one's current understandings (schemas) with the incorporation of new info
all themental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating
Piaget's Stages of Cognative Development
Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concret Operational and FormalOperational
sensorimotor stage
infants know the world mostly in therms of their sensory impressions and motor activities
object permanance
the awareness that things continue to exist even when not percieved
preoperational stage
child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic
theprinciple thatpropertiessuch as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes of form of object
in piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking in another's point of view
theory of mind
(coined by premack and woodruff) people's ideas about their own and other's mental states-- about their feelings, prerceptionsand thougghts and the behavior these migght predict
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction and understanding of others' state of mind...extreme male brain
concrete operational stage
stage of cog development during which children gain mental capacity that enable them tothink logically about concrete events
formal operational stage
stage of cog development wher eppl begin to think logically about abstract concepts
stranger anxiety
the fear of strangers that infants commonly display beginning by 8 mo of age
an emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by seeking closeness to their caregiver and showing the caregiver and showing distance onseparation
monkeys attachedto blankets, no blankets=distressed. monkeys like cloth moms
critical period
an optimal pd shortly after birth when organisms exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produce proper development
the process by which certain animals form attachments duringg a critical pd very early in life
one's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
Eric Erikson
basic trust
basic trust
EE sense that world is predictible and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers
sense of i.d. and personal worth(developed at 12)
parenting styles
authoritarian (too strit), permissive (too passive) and authoritative (just right)
transition from kid to adult, extending puberty to independence
pd of sexual maturation during which people become able to reproduce
primary sex characteristics
body structures (ovaries, testies and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible
secondary sex characteristics
non reproductive sexual characteristics (female breasts and hips, male voice quality and body hair)
first period
development of moral reasoning (conventional guy)
Preconventional morality
0-9 morality: of self interest- avoid punishment to gain concrete rewards
conventional morality
early teen: cares for others, uphold laws and social rusles simply b/c they're laws/rules
post conventional morality
some who develop abstract reasoning: ppl's agreed-upon rights or follows what one person percieves as basic ethical priniples
social institutionalist
haidt, moral feelinggs preceed moral reasoningg
one's sense of self; accordingg to erikson, the adolescents task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating verious roles
EE ability to form close, loving relationships, primary developmental task of alte teenhood and early adulthood
emerging adulthood
no longer teens but havent taken adult responsibilities yet
time of natural cessation of menstruation; also refers to biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines
mental ersion
Alzheimer's disease
progressive irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual detioration of memory, reasoning, language and finally physical fcn
prospective memory
(remember to...) remains strong when events help trigger memories
cross sectional study
study in which ppl of different ages are compared with one another
longitudinal study
research in which the same people are studied and retested over a long pd of time
crystallized intelligence
one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills, tends to increas with age
fluid intelligence
one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly, tnds to decrease duringg late adulthood
midlife transition
transition from most life infront of you to most life behind you
social clock
the culturally preferred timing of social events (ie. marriage, parent hood and retirement)
shows diminishing activity to negative events while maintaining responsiveness to positive ones... negative emotions disappear faster than positive ones do