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17 Cards in this Set

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The Decembrist Uprising:
-Alexander seems cool, but needs support of Boyers so he can't free the slaves or do any other liberal thing
-He dies in December 1835 and officers push liberal ideas
-Huge revolt broke out, but it was quickly put down
Profile of those who supported westernization and radical ideas in Russia:
-Young intellectuals
Characteristics of Russian society in the 19th century:
-Defied the European pattern of domination
-Launched independence
-Learned without destroying culture
Conditions in Russia after the emancipation of the serfs:
-Received land but didn't gain any political freedom
-Increased urban working class for factories
-To insure power, Tsars structured government so the Tsars and Boyers still ruled
Reasons for the Russian loss of the Crimean War:
-West was industrially superior
-Mobilized troops with trains
Russian reforms in the 1860s and 1870s:
-Tsars make reforms to keep people happy
-Reorganize military, free serfs, give local governments a bit of power (town councils, zemstoves)
-Alexander the II tried to have trial by jury, and reduced censorship
Successes of Russian industrialization program by 1900:
-Not as great as Europe, but good
General goals of the Russian intelligentsia (university students)
-Wanted political freedom, social reform, but with a hint of Russian culture in everyday lives
Political methods used by anarchists to achieve reform:
-Some of the intellectuals because anarchists who hoped to triumph by winning peasant support
-Some uninterested peasants turned to terrisom
-The government exiled dissidents to Siberia
-Abolish all forms of formal government
The Duma:
-National Parliament created in Russia in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1905; progressively stripped of power during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II
Conditions in Japan prior to Commodore Perry's arrival:
-Self-imposed isolation, Japanese renaissance
-More secular, literate, not allowed to travel abroad
-Nagasaki Bay
Similarities between Japanese and Russian industrialization:
-Russia isolated because of the Mongols, Japan chose isolation
-Slow to industrialize because unfamiliar with technology
-Very little capital for investment (no business competition)
-Industrialization had to be promoted by the government
Condition of Japanese industrialization pre WWI:
-Japan was still behind the West
-Dependent on Western imports
Aspects of Western culture adopted by the Japanese:
-Universal education system stressing science, technology, and loyalty to the nation
-Western fashion, personal care, calendar system, and the metric system were all adopted
Japan's fate compared to Qing China and the Ottoman Empire:
-Japan industrialized, the Chinese and Ottomans did not
Social and cultural changes that resulted because of Japan's Industrial Revolution:
-Japanese had poor living conditions in crowded cities
-Generations argued over westernization
-Emergence of political parties
Reasons for Japanese imperialism:
-To make Japan look strong
-Raw materials
-Needed markets to buy goods