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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Weaknesses of the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century:
-Defeated by Russia and lost territory to them
-Series of weak rulers that focused on themselves
-Government funds were drained
Control of Egypt in the early 1800s:
-Under control of the Ottomans
-Muhammad Ali was the ruler who westernized
-Locals more powerful
Reforms introduced by the Young Turks:
-New constitution
-More women's rights
Strategic importance of Egypt:
-Suez Canal was a major trade route
Reasons for the Muslim Sudanese revolts under the Mahdi:
-Brits want to invade Sudan, Mahdi introduce pure form of Islam
Reasons for failure of the Manchu attempts at reform:
-Selfish, corrupt leaders who took a lot of government funds
-Population increase and running out of land
Social conditions for the Manchu elite:
-The young, educated kiddos hated them
Signs of decline in Qing China:
-Resistance centered around secret societies
-End of Confucian base
-People wanted to rebel
-Civil service exams stopped
Causes and results of the Opium Wars:
-Chinese close borders to Opium traders (Opium ruined Chinese economy)
-Brits took that as a violation of free trade
-Brits win first war and the Chinese open some ports to them
-Brits take over Hong Kong and other trade towns
Taiping Rebellion:
Lead by Hong Xaioquin
-Recruited more than 1 million people
-Almost succeeded
-People realized the Chinese government sucked