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17 Cards in this Set

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Byzantium
long-last empire centered at Constantinople
Byzantion
a modest market town and fishing village that occupied a site of enourmous strategic significance- the former town of Constantinople
Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine empire
byzantine (adj.)
unnecessarily complex
caeseropapism
concept relating to the mixing of political and religious authority, as with the Roman empeerors, that was central to the church versus state controversy in medeival europe
hagia sophia
greek orthodox temple converted by the byzantine emperor Justinian and later converted into a mosque
justinian's code
th4e definitive code of Roman law
"greek fire"
a devestating incendiary weapon which burned even when floating on water
theme system
placed an imperial province (theme) under the jurisdiction of a general who assumed responsibility for both its military defense and its civil admnistration
hippodrome
place where chariot races took place
arians; arian christians
early Christian hersey that centered around teachings of arius and contained the beleif that jesus was a mortal being and no coeternal with god
icons
paintings of jesus, saints, and other figures of religious significance
iconoclasm
movement begun by the byzantine emperor leo iii to dewstrooy religious icons b/c their veneration was considered sinful
asceticism
self denial; abandoning society-fasting, celibacy, prayer
schism
division of ag roup into opppiosing factions
excommunicate
refusing to recognize the other church as properly christian
cyrillic alphabet
represnted sounds of slavic languages more precisely than did the greeks