Why do people dream? Dreams occur in order to keep our mental and emotional balance (Parker & Parker, 1985, p. 41). Dreaming can help an individual understand an emotional imbalance if they try to find the meaning. Some studies suggest dreaming is a way to file away and sort memories. Short term memory would be overloaded if the unimportant or insignificant thoughts were not streamed somewhere else. Even unnoticed things from the day get filed away and then are brought back entirely by surprise in a dream. Dreams are a very stimulating experience and those experiences are what help develop and strengthen neural pathways in the brain. Dreams help to make sense of neural static by triggering neural activity that evokes random visual
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These subconscious desires would manifest at night in dreams. Dreams were a place for the most secret and forbidden wishes to be fulfilled without fear and then repressed and forgotten when awake. He believed that under analysis every part of dream could be revealed. The interpretation of these dreams could uncover deeply repressed thoughts that cause distress in people. To interpret the dream he divided it into the manifest dream content (the literal remembered images of the dream) and the latent content (the underlying hidden symbolic meaning). “Wherever a wish-fulfillment is unrecognizable and disguised there must be present a tendency to defend one-self against this wish, and in consequence of this defense the wish is unable to express itself save in a distorted form” (Freud, 1999, ).
Carl G. Jung was a follower of Freud and agreed with him in many ways as in symbols and the unconscious mind but he does not see the unconscious as animalistic, instinctual, or sexual. He believed that dreams can reveal other themes besides aggression and sexuality. Jung “was never able to agree with Freud that the dream is a ‘façade’ behind which its meaning lies hidden-a meaning already known but maliciously, so to speak, withheld from consciousness” (Jung 1963). According to Jung, dreams can also reveal archetype (conscious representation) material. Although dreams are personal and vary a great deal, our personal experiences