What Is Organization? Essay

3547 Words 15 Pages
To organize means to determine what activities are necessary for a specific purpose and to encourage them in groups, which are assigned to individuals. An organisation is a complex social system, which brings together many individuals for a given purpose. It is also an arrangement of personnel to facilitate the accomplishment of a given purpose through the allocation of functions and responsibilities. To further understand the definition of organisation let us consider the definition developed by Max Weber. Like any other field of study, and like organisation themselves, organizational analysis has a tradition. That tradition leans heavily on Max Weber, who is known for his analysis of bureaucracy and …show more content…
Interaction patterns do not simply arise; a structuring of interaction is imposed by the organisation itself. This part of the definition also suggests that organisation contain a hiercharchy of authority and a division of labour in carrying out their functions. Order is enforced with specific personnel designated to perform this function.

To the idea of the corporate group, Weber adds other criteria for organizations. In organization, interaction is "associative" rather than "communal" (1947:pp. 136-39). This differentiate the organization from other social entities, such as the family, that share the other, previously noted characteristics of the corporate group. Weber also notes that organisation carry out continuous purposive activities of a specific kind(pp.151-52). Thus, organizations transcend the lives of their members and have goals, as "purposive activities" suggests. Organisations are designed to do something. This idea of Weber's has been retained by most organizational analysis.


The various theories to be considered permit us to see and understand the different facets of organisation. The intent is not to advocate the superiority of any one theory but to argue that theoretical integration is necessary for full comprehension of organizational process. Over a period of many decades, academics

Related Documents