United States' School Systems Essay

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The United States has come a long way since the early debates on public schools first began. The responsibility for education has shifted from local control to state control. Today, focus is coming from the federal government and national organizations to regulate standards. There is a shocking level of debate concerning the topic of early childhood education. Many people question how much formal learning is needed or beneficial for very young children. A variety of studies have shown, however, that some form of education, whether it is in a formal school environment or an informal environment in the home, will significantly benefit children by the time they reach traditional school ages. Children are better prepared to learn, and are …show more content…
In 1964, the Federal Government created a panel of child development experts to design a program to help communities and the many young children living in poverty. The panel’s report became the basis for Project Head Start. Head Start was, initially introduced as an eight-week summer program by the Office of Economic Opportunity in 1965, it was developed to break the cycle of poverty by offering preschool children of low-income families with a program to meet their emotional, social, and health needs. Recruiting children age three to school entry age, Head Start was eagerly accepted by education, child development specialists, community leaders and parents. Head Start has had a powerful impact on communities and early childhood programs as a whole. Head Start has lasting positive effects on children and has improved self esteem, programming, achievement motivation, and behavior. At the end of each Head Start year, children are showing higher scores across the board. Head Start parents have concluded many positive changes in their personal lives, behavior, and attitudes. Head Start children are more readily involved in school and are less often defined as children with significant academic problems than those not enrolled in early childhood programs. Over the years the program has developed into the nation's most successful federally subsidized child

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