The roots of animal experimentation began in the early 1600s when the world expressed in interests on the functions of animals and their uses in human life. However, it wasn’t until the incident regarding the drug thalidomide in 1960 did the government make it a requirement for drugs be tested on animals. During the incident, millions of women took the medication believing that it would be a source of relieve from morning sickness, not knowing however that it would cause irrevocable effects on their unborn children (Watson 4). Although the ruling seemed to provide a sigh of relief to some, the very idea of placing animals in strange uncomfortable environments and experiencing pain and euthanasia angered many. According to the American
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Medication proved deadly in animals have been tested to work on humans and vice versa. According to Health and Human Services Secretary Mike Leavitt, "nine out of ten experimental drugs fail in clinical studies because we cannot accurately predict how they will behave in people based on laboratory and animal studies"(“Animal Research Is Unethical and Scientifically Unnecessary”). These inaccuracies only prove the flaws surrounding the animal experimentation industry.
“…it is possible that by 2050 researchers will be able to answer important questions about the functioning of healthy and diseased human tissues without subjecting animals to harmful procedures.”(Rowan). Every day technological advancements make researching and discovering information faster and more effective: especially in the medical field. The way scientists create vaccines, records and treatments have evolved tremendously. Supporters of anti-animal experimentation also argue that because of these advancements, the need for animal testing is completely unnecessary. The structure, anatomy and psychology of animals differ from humans, making them inadequate models for human related research. “It has been suggested that several alternative technologies, including computer modeling, micro-dosing, and MRI scanning, will eventually replace the use of animals in medical research.” ("It Is Not Possible to..."). Computer models could replicate the animal exactly, provide clearer results at faster rates. Not only