Research Paper On Animal Testing

1258 Words 6 Pages
Many cosmetic factories use non-human entities as testing subjects for their products. Places such as Britain and France have made it illegal to use animals as testing subjects. Animal testing is an extremely divided subject with both ends having strong views. Many people see humans as superior to animals, so individuals conclude that it is acceptable to perform tests on animals. On the contrary, people see animal testing as cruel and inhumane because the animals are forcefully tested on with no form of consent. Cosmetic companies should ban animal testing because it is inhumane, costly, and there are more effective alternatives. Animal testing has been an ongoing phenomenon for many years. Cruelty Free International defines it as “any scientific …show more content…
There is a wide array of studies concluding there is a weak-link between animals and useable results for the human body. In a forum by Andrew N. Rowan he states, “a healthy animal that experiences a sudden stroke does not undergo the slowly progressive arterial damage that usually plays a crucial role in human strokes.” (2006. P. 80). Rowan states that animals are not reliable testing subjects because their anatomy, biology, and overall beings are not exactly like humans so testing on animals is useless. Most of the time animals react differently to drugs and chemicals used in cosmetic products compared to human beings. An organization named PETA says, “the FDA reported [1] that 92 out of every 100 drugs that successfully pass animal trials and go into human clinical testing fail during the human clinical trial phase.” (PETA, n.d, Para. 8) Additionally, testing on animals can be very expensive for a company. The cost of animal testing is unreasonably expensive and a waste of money. The United States alone spends $14.5 billion dollars every year for animal testing at taxpayers ' expense. This form of payment is a massive waste and mismanagement of taxpayers ' dollars. Much of the testing is performed in labs and factories financed by the National Institutes of Health. The National Institutes of Health distributes 40% of its annual research budget to animal testing and experiments. Founder and executive director of …show more content…
Scientists have begun to move from inhumane ways of testing, to methods that substitute non-living subject for animals. These substitutes are more relevant to human health than animals are. One of the modern methods of testing includes vitro methods, an advanced test using human cells and tissues to create a better testing model for the human body. Another alternative is using modern computer-modeling techniques called silico models to better understand how the product will affect humans. The use of these methods are more effective to human health, biology, and the body. The reason these alternative methods were created was because of reduce, refine, and replace; which are referred to as the 3 R 's. The 3R’s were first referenced in a book written by Rex Leonard Burch and W. M. S. Russell titled The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The first R, is for replacement, or the substitution of material that does not feel pain rather than animals. Reduction promotes the decrease in the number of animals used during each experiment or test. Refinement urges a decrease in the number of animals suffering, and to improve animal welfare for all animals. These 3 R’s will help with the animal testing community and hopefully prevent future

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