Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development Essay

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Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist is known as the founding father of psychoanalysis (Rana, 1997). Freud established new methods for understanding human behavior, and his theories have become one of the most referred to in history. Though there are many criticisms about Freud and his personality theories, his works have developed into one of the most widespread theories of personality. As a child, Freud was only offered a few choices in careers because there was not much available due to his Jewish culture (Rana). For this reason, Freud studied medicine with a focus on neurology. After receiving a scholarship to study in Paris, Freud eventually opened his first office in Vienna. Here, Freud practiced hypnosis (Dare, Dreher, …show more content…
Freud’s theory of personality was very similar to the idea of an iceberg and developed the Topographical Theory (Dare et al.,). Freud compared the tip of the iceberg to the conscious mind. He noted that this part of personality could be seen and was in our awareness, just as the tip of the iceberg is exposed above the sea. In contrast, Freud related the unconscious mind to the remaining body of the iceberg, which was not in our awareness, and could not be seen since it was hidden below the sea level. A third portion of the iceberg was developed to describe the thoughts that were unconscious at a particular moment, but were not repressed, so they could become conscious thoughts when necessary. This portion of the mind, which was not in our immediate awareness, was termed the preconscious mind. In close relation to Sigmund Freud’s aspects of the mind and its metaphorical relation to an iceberg, Freud discovered the id, ego and superego, which he described, exemplified the aspects of personality. The id is innate. Freud believed that the id within Beauty seeks immediate gratification. The ego, which is more objective when compared to the id, is referred to as the reality principle. The superego represents the morals and values of Beauty’s personality (Dare et al.,). According to Freud, the collaboration of the id, ego, and superego during development determines Beauty’s behaviors during any given situation, which will eventually

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