Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory and Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory are two famous theories of human development. While he was affected by Freud's ideas, Erikson's theory differed in a number of important ways. Like Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages,
Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan.
The aim of this assignment is to Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development.
Freud’s …show more content…
At this stage child is entirely dependent upon caretakers (who are responsible for feeding the child), so infant develops a sense of trust and comfort through this oral stimulation.
If fixation occurs at this stage, the individual would have issues with dependency or aggression and Oral fixation such as drinking, smoking, nail biting, chewing pens, overeating and drinking, sarcasm and verbal hostility.
Erikson’s psychosocial theory
Trust vs. Mistrust (birth – 1 ½ year)
During this stage an infant who gets fed when he is hungry and comforted when he needs comforting will develop trust and will be able to feel secure even when frightened. If mistrust wins over trust in this stage, the child will be frustrated, withdrawn, suspicious, and will lack self-confidence. Stage 2
Freud’s psychosexual theory
Anal Stage (1-3 years)
At this stage the libido’s main focus was on controlling bladder and bowel movements. The major conflict is toilet training (time and location). He/ She has to learn to control the …show more content…
Freud’s psychosexual theory
Freud's theory largely focuses on the period between birth and adolescence. The genital stage lasts throughout adulthood. He believed the goal is to develop a balance between all areas of life. Erikson’s psychosocial theory
Eriksons' theory includes three more stages that span adulthood. These three stages are:
Intimacy vs. Isolation (18 – 40 years)
In this stage people begin to share themselves more intimately with others. They seek longer term relationships with someone other than a family member. Successful at this stage can lead to comfortable relationships and sense of safety, and care within a relationship. Avoiding this leads to isolation, loneliness, and sometimes depression.
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40 - 65 years),
During this middle adulthood we assist the younger generation in developing and leading useful lives. We give back to society through raising our children, being productive at work, and becoming involved in community activities and organizations. When the individual feels that he has done nothing to help the next generation then they experience stagnation.
Integrity vs. Despair (65 and