National Culture and HRM Policies and Strategies Essay

1385 Words 6 Pages
ABSTRACT
The objective of this study is to indicate the impact of national culture on HRM policies and strategies. It is expected to address the question; if national culture is impacting on the development and effectiveness of HRM strategies and polices. Looking at the definition of national culture from Hofstede (1980), we have a good understanding. Thus it helps us identify the influence it has within HRM strategies and policies in correlation with an organisation strategy towards its objectives.
This study shows that there are two aspects which national culture impacts upon HRM policies and strategies i.e. the positive and negative aspects. This therefore implies that yes, national culture influences HRM practises.
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This is because certain practise which was successful for them in their home country may not be successful for them in a global aspect (other countries), most especially their application of HRM policies towards the national culture of that country.
Looking at the application of HRM strategies and policies in developing countries, it has a negative and positive impact which is highly influenced by culture. Thus it plays a major role towards an organisations entry strategy in achieving its objectives.
CONCEPT OF NATIONAL CULTURE
Culture is simply the way of life of a group of people(Culture, 2010).Thus a pattern of thinking, learning and acting through one’s life (norms, values, behaviour and beliefs). National culture has being speculated as the combination of cultures within a nation but rather it is the differences, between one members of one nation from another (Hofstede, G. 1980). This is the basic definition of national culture by Greek Hofstede which states ‘’ the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the member of one group or people from another’’ (Hofstede, G. (1980).
Though it has shown the differences between members of one group from another, thus the national population shares a distinctive culture. Therefore people are being generalized based on common characteristics in which they share within their national culture. This tends to have positive and negative effects upon

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