Childhood Exposure to Domestic Violence Essay

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Prevalence Each year approximately 4.8 million acts of physical or sexual aggression are perpetrated against women while 2.9 million physically aggressive acts are perpetrated against men within the United States (Edleson, Ellerton, Seagren, Kirchberg, Schmidt & Ambrose, 2007). Many of these incidents take place in the presences of children, which make these figures even more disturbing (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). Research indicates that 40.2% of United States battered women responding in national surveys state that their children have witnessed one or more abusive events (Edleson et al., 2007). Overall 66% of research samples regarding childhood exposure to domestic violence reported to having direct exposure to the abuse …show more content…
Basing those statistics with the 2000 United States census data, this would show that 7 to 14 million American children are exposed to domestic violence annually (Edleson et al., 2007).
Background
History of Research
Throughout the past three decades there has been an exceptional interest in research looking at the scope and consequences of children’s exposure to domestic violence (Holt, Buckley & Whelan, 2008; Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008. The first generation of research regarding children’s exposure was published from the year 1990 to the early 1990’s and mainly focused on the association between male perpetrated violence towards females while also identifying various types of childhood symptoms of the exposure (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). The second generation of research which was primarily published since the 1990s were more complicated studies, this was due to they used more advanced research designs and models in which were previously tested (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). The most current empirically studies have continued these particular trends by extending investigations to children and adolescents, in order to gain the children’s experiences and feelings toward the domestic abuse and the impacts it may have had on them (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). The way researchers and scholars define exposure of

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