What Is Soap And Detergent Essay

Improved Essays
Soap and Detergent Soap and Detergent are the cornerstones of human cleanliness. Soap is, “a substance used with water for washing and cleaning, made of a compound of natural oils or fats with sodium hydroxide or another strong alkali, and typically having perfume and coloring added”( Soap 2018 ). Detergent is, “ a water-soluble cleansing agent that combines with impurities and dirt to make them more soluble and differs from soap in not forming a scum with the salts in hard water” ( Detergent 2018 ). Both soap and detergent are both cleaners for skin, clothes, or other materials. Soap is mainly made up of reacting a fat or oil with a base. Detergents are mainly made up of a mixture of dry powder products and liquids along with sanitizers …show more content…
It is mostly made up of fats and oils reacting with a strong base. Soap can come in many different shapes, sizes, and types. Some examples of soaps are solid soaps and liquid soaps, Soaps can help people stay healthy, safe, and clean by doing many things like, killing germs, killing bacteria, getting rid of dirt, soil, and other contaminants. This happens due the products that are combined to make up soaps.

What are soaps made up of? As previously mentioned, soaps are mainly make up of fats and/or oils reacting with a strong base. Many different types and variations of fats and oils may be added to make soaps. Soap may be made up from either saturated fatty acids and/or unsaturated fatty acids. The most common saturated fatty acids used in soap are, “lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid” ( Michelle 2014). If a more effective clean is desired then, using a saturated fatty acid is the way to go because they get rid of oils better. Due to this, soaps made up of saturated fatty acids are less prefered for skin because it will take away the natural oils produced by your skin. These saturated fatty acids
…show more content…
The fact that soap is made up of fatty acids that are either unsaturated or saturated, they both have a different chemical makeup. Unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds between carbon atoms. When the unsaturated fatty acid contains a single carbon-carbon double bond then, this will be called a monounsaturated fatty acid. An example of a monounsaturated fatty acid is Oleic acid which has a chemical makeup of C17H33COOH. When the unsaturated fatty acid molecules contains one or more carbon-carbon double bond, it is known as a polyunsaturated fatty acid. A great example of polyunsaturated fatty acids is linoleic acid because it contains two double bonds, its chemical equation is, CH3(CH2)4CH=CHCH2CH=CH(CH2)7COOH. When you combine these fatty acids with a glycerol it will create a triglyceride. These triglycerides contain a long chain of fatty acids.“Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. When triglycerides in fat/oil react with aqueous NaOH or KOH, they are converted into soap and glycerol. This is called alkaline hydrolysis of esters” (Saponification-The process of Making Soap.2013). Due to the fact that soap is created at the end of this process, this process is called saponification. These soap molecules contain two parts: a polar part and a nonpolar part. The polar part is known as the head and the nonpolar group is known as the tail. This makes soap molecules contain a polar head and a non-polar

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The process that produces soap usually from the base hydrolysis of a fat or oil is called saponification. It is also known as soap making. Formerly, it is the reaction between an ester and sodium hydroxide to yield sodium stearate. The beef was used as triglyceride by boiling it with lye or an impure sodium hydroxide. The top layer is the sodium stearate wherein once it was cooled and turned into solid it was chopped into cubes of yellow soap.…

    • 822 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    It also works well as an all-natural makeup remover. Coconut oil can also be effectively used as a night cream and a sunscreen. Coconut oil is one of the richest sources of saturated fats and like coconut water, it too has its health benefits. Because of its antibacterial properties, coconut oil kills harmful bacteria in the body and promotes good health. The healthy saturated fats present in coconut oil reduce your risk of heart ailments and maintain a healthy cholesterol level.…

    • 1083 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The iodide’s position is opposite of the –OH group. Salicylamide and sodium iodide are dissolved in ethanol, and stirred and cooled to 0. After that household bleach was added while stirring vigorously, solution changed from colorless to pale yellow. Sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid were added aswell. Product collected by vacuum filtration and recrystallized from 96% ethanol.…

    • 960 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Patchouli Soap Essay

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages

    HELPFUL TIPS: Vi-Tae “Get Lathered Up –Patchouli Soap“ Sensitive skin needs to be handled with utmost care. If you have sensitive skin, sunspots, rashes, itching and pimples are very common. Vi-Tae’s Patchouli Soap is a one of a kind soap that not only helps to soothe sensitive skin; it also helps to get rid of body odor. Packed with antiseptic, antibacterial, astringent, antiphlogistic and antifungal properties, Patchouli helps to heal injured skin just as easily. Since Patchouli is also a natural deodorant, it gives the user an earthy-divine aroma which calms the senses and controls foul odor.…

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The water-cooled condenser condenses the vapors that were produced, as the solvent boils, and returns it to the reaction vessel. A dry air tube was attached to remove the smell being produced. The National Toxicology Program states that isopentyl acetate can be used in multiple ways. The compound is popularly used in artificially flavoring sodas, gum, candy, baked goods, gelatins, and non-alcoholic beverages. Similarly, it can be utilized in scenting soaps, lotions, candles, and perfumes.…

    • 835 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Experiment 2. Steam Distillation The Isolation of the natural product trans-cinnamaldehyde from Cinnamon bark Abstract: This experiment aims at separating cinnamaldehyde from the cinnamon bark. A mixture of volatile and non-volatile elements is separated through the steam distillation method with temperature being below 100 oC. Moreover, the method is used to extract essential oils. The cinnamaldehyde will be conveyed up with the distillate, observed as an emulsion on the condensed vapor.…

    • 561 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    It is used to remove limescale from boilers and evaporators. [9] It can be used to soften water, which makes it useful in soaps and laundry detergents. By chelating the metals in hard water, it lets these cleaners produce foam and work better without need for water softening. Citric acid is the active ingredient in some bathroom and kitchen cleaning solutions. A solution with a 6% concentration of citric acid will remove hard water stains from glass without scrubbing.…

    • 1687 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    6. 1st step in this transformation is liquid-faction of the starch using acid or better using alpha-amylase. Employing this step we will hydrolyse the starch into smaller chains of polysaccharides with a ratter low Dextrose Equivalent setting up it for step. 7. The liquid-factions performed by a complete scarification to a high DE hydro lysate with amylo-glucosidase to an assortment of the monosaccharide dextrose and also smaller amounts of the disaccharide maltose and also lower polysaccharides.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Carbohydrates

    • 1011 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It is used to detect the presence of reducing sugars. The food sample is dissolved in water, and a small amount of Benedict's reagent is added. During a hot water bath, , the solution should progress in the colors of blue (with no reducing sugar present), orange, yellow, green, red, and then brick red precipitate or brown (with high reducing sugar present). A color change would signify the presence of a reducing sugar. The color in the tube starts out as aqua blue and in the presence of sugar would turn to red/ orange which is positive for sugars.…

    • 1011 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The bleach is strong NaOH, pH effects because it’s a chemical. The pH is adds the bleach can behave builder stabilizes subs and foam. The soap that’s been put on your skin is made up of animals, and vegetable fat. As the acids they combine there sodium and to make soap, the salt is acid. Stand in for sodium as the different types of soap they made can be formu1a remains the same as the other soap that’s have been…

    • 1063 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays