What Is Soap And Detergent Essay

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Soap and Detergent Soap and Detergent are the cornerstones of human cleanliness. Soap is, “a substance used with water for washing and cleaning, made of a compound of natural oils or fats with sodium hydroxide or another strong alkali, and typically having perfume and coloring added”( Soap 2018 ). Detergent is, “ a water-soluble cleansing agent that combines with impurities and dirt to make them more soluble and differs from soap in not forming a scum with the salts in hard water” ( Detergent 2018 ). Both soap and detergent are both cleaners for skin, clothes, or other materials. Soap is mainly made up of reacting a fat or oil with a base. Detergents are mainly made up of a mixture of dry powder products and liquids along with sanitizers …show more content…
It is mostly made up of fats and oils reacting with a strong base. Soap can come in many different shapes, sizes, and types. Some examples of soaps are solid soaps and liquid soaps, Soaps can help people stay healthy, safe, and clean by doing many things like, killing germs, killing bacteria, getting rid of dirt, soil, and other contaminants. This happens due the products that are combined to make up soaps.

What are soaps made up of? As previously mentioned, soaps are mainly make up of fats and/or oils reacting with a strong base. Many different types and variations of fats and oils may be added to make soaps. Soap may be made up from either saturated fatty acids and/or unsaturated fatty acids. The most common saturated fatty acids used in soap are, “lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid” ( Michelle 2014). If a more effective clean is desired then, using a saturated fatty acid is the way to go because they get rid of oils better. Due to this, soaps made up of saturated fatty acids are less prefered for skin because it will take away the natural oils produced by your skin. These saturated fatty acids
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The fact that soap is made up of fatty acids that are either unsaturated or saturated, they both have a different chemical makeup. Unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds between carbon atoms. When the unsaturated fatty acid contains a single carbon-carbon double bond then, this will be called a monounsaturated fatty acid. An example of a monounsaturated fatty acid is Oleic acid which has a chemical makeup of C17H33COOH. When the unsaturated fatty acid molecules contains one or more carbon-carbon double bond, it is known as a polyunsaturated fatty acid. A great example of polyunsaturated fatty acids is linoleic acid because it contains two double bonds, its chemical equation is, CH3(CH2)4CH=CHCH2CH=CH(CH2)7COOH. When you combine these fatty acids with a glycerol it will create a triglyceride. These triglycerides contain a long chain of fatty acids.“Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. When triglycerides in fat/oil react with aqueous NaOH or KOH, they are converted into soap and glycerol. This is called alkaline hydrolysis of esters” (Saponification-The process of Making Soap.2013). Due to the fact that soap is created at the end of this process, this process is called saponification. These soap molecules contain two parts: a polar part and a nonpolar part. The polar part is known as the head and the nonpolar group is known as the tail. This makes soap molecules contain a polar head and a non-polar

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