What Exactly Is an Information System? How Does It Work? What Are Its Management, Organization, and Technology Components?

1553 Words Nov 20th, 2012 7 Pages
3. What exactly is an information system? How does it work? What are its management, organization, and technology components? a) Define an information system and describe the activities it performs.

From the textbook defines an information system as a set of interrelated components that work together to collect, process, store, and disseminate information to support decision making, coordination, control, analysis, and visualization in an organization. In addition to supporting decision making, information systems may also help managers and workers analyze problems, visualize complex subjects, and create new products..
From the internet information system is a combination of people, hardware, software, communication devices,
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Organization: The organization dimension of information systems involves issues such as the organization’s hierarchy, functional specialties, business processes, culture and political interest groups.

Management: The management dimension of information systems involves setting organizational strategies, allocating human and financial resources, creating new products and services and re-creating the organization if necessary.

Technology: The technology dimension consists of computer hardware, software, data management technology, and networking/telecommunications technology.

c) Distinguish data and information and between information system literacy and computer literacy.

Data are streams of raw facts representing events occurring in organizations or the physical environmental before they have been organized and arranged into a form that people can understand and use. Data is raw material for data processing. Data relates to fact, event and transactions. Data refers to unprocessed information. Data is the raw, undigested stuff of acquired numbers and letters. Examples of data could include weather measurements, survey responses and website metrics.

Information is data that has been processed in such a way as to be meaningful to the person who receives it. It is anything that is communicated. Information is data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and

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