Essay about Universal Health Coverage ( Uhc )
Universal Health Coverage (UHC ) is a multi-dimensional goal and not easily achievable in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Ensuring physical access to high-quality health services throughout low and middle income countries is one aspect of this. Rural areas have health systems challenges and needs that differ from urban areas, but need to be effectively addressed to achieve UHC. Improving the quality of health services through systems thinking is a mechanism to achieve UHC.
What is Universal Health Coverage?
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines UHC’s goal as “… to ensure that all people obtain the health services they need without suffering financial hardship when paying for them.” (WHO, 2012) . The financing aspect of UHC is key in this definition and in line with colloquial understandings of UHC that solely connote payment mechanisms for health services. The second part of this definition, “obtain services they need”, moves beyond the payment aspect of UHC towards one of health systems’ key functions: Service provision. Figure one outlines the components of UHC in more detail. Each of these four components relate to four of WHO’s six health systems components: health workforce, service provision, financing and medical products, vaccines and technologies (de Savigney and Adam, 2009;WHO, 2012).
Notably, this definition of UHC goes beyond lay-understandings of UHC as related to financing to a much broader view comprehensively…