Social Determinants Of Health Analysis

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The social determinants of health are ultimately the root causes of disease and health, which determine the cause of many risk factors for disease. Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders are significantly more disadvantaged when referring to the social determinants of health leading to higher occurrence of disease in their socioeconomic groups than those of non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders. The social determinants of health are comprised of many factors such as “safe pregnancy, early childhood experiences, educational attainment, secure employment, safe housing, and conditions of daily life” (World Health Organisation, 2008). According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the presence or absence of the social determinants of …show more content…
The World Health Organisation states that there is no basic biological reason for a gap in life expectancies of different socioeconomic groups (World Health Organisation, 2008) and therefore change and improvement in the social determinants of health will dramatically improve the health of Aboriginals.

The WHO social determinants of health action plan targets disadvantaged socioeconomic groups such as Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders and aims to reduce health inequalities and decrease the occurrence of disease in these communities. The plan has five actions, implemented to stimulate government and public participation in the improvement of health policies. The first action aims to improve the governance responsible for the health and development of society. This ensures governments unite different sectors and organisations under the common goal to improve health equity across all socioeconomic groups (Who.int, 2015). The second action aims to promote the participation of communities in policy making and
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Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders are greatly disadvantaged compared to other cultural groups due to the suffering they faced in the past and even today at the hands of racism. This racism began centuries ago in 1788 when the British first colonised Australia. In the eyes of British and white supremacy, Aboriginals were not considered as civilised people and were stripped of their rightful land, their families, massacred and lost their ancient cultures (Hollinsworth, 2010). These acts have not only physically but also mentally impacted Aboriginals for generations. The racism indigenous Australians still face today leads them to feeling alienated from society and worthless. This can lead to mental illnesses such as depression and may further lead to physical illnesses. The feeling of worthlessness will also prevent young Aboriginals from succeeding in school and further prevents them from establishing a better future for themselves. Policy makers often poorly target psychological issues while the government fails to acknowledge the extent of discrimination and racism Aboriginals face everyday (ABC News, 2015). Their exclusion in society is further highlighted and apparent by their absence in the constitution as the original occupants of Australia. It was reported by the President of Australia’s Indigenous Medical Association that it is essential for

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