Social Determinants Of Health

The social determinants of health are ultimately the root causes of disease and health, which determine the cause of many risk factors for disease. Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders are significantly more disadvantaged when referring to the social determinants of health leading to higher occurrence of disease in their socioeconomic groups than those of non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders. The social determinants of health are comprised of many factors such as “safe pregnancy, early childhood experiences, educational attainment, secure employment, safe housing, and conditions of daily life” (World Health Organisation, 2008). According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the presence or absence of the social determinants of …show more content…
The plan has five actions, implemented to stimulate government and public participation in the improvement of health policies. The first action aims to improve the governance responsible for the health and development of society. This ensures governments unite different sectors and organisations under the common goal to improve health equity across all socioeconomic groups (Who.int, 2015). The second action aims to promote the participation of communities in policy making and their implementation. The reduction in health inequities by targeting social determinants of health not only depends on government participation but on the participation of communities and individuals in public policies to ensure their effectiveness across all levels of society (Who.int, 2015). The third action aims to re-orientate the health sector of government towards the main goal of promoting health and decreasing inequalities in health. The WHO aims to dramatically improve the public healthcare system by helping to make them more accessible to disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, aiding the development of more affordable treatments and health services and improving their quality (Who.int, 2015). This action is critical since a lacking health care system is an …show more content…
Racism and discrimination has also greatly impacted the participation and education rates of the Aboriginal community. Ever since the Global Financial Crisis unemployment rates have risen dramatically, while the participation rates of young Australians have significantly dropped despite the increasing need for them to rise due to Australia’s fast aging population and decreasing workforce creating a strain on the economy and government (ABC News, 2015). Australia needs to increase participation rates of indigenous Australians, which goes hand in hand with tackling mental health issues in the community to motivate the youth to strive for better futures. Statistics show that unemployment rates were higher for indigenous Australians at 17.2% than for non-Indigenous Australians at 5.5% (Abs.gov.au, 2015). Unemployment has been strongly linked with poor physical and mental health in individuals. Studies have shown that unemployed people are more likely to have mental health issues such as depression, smoke, have heart disease and reduced life expectancies (Australian Medical Association, 2007). Poor physical and mental health also makes it more difficult for an individual to be re-employed forming an endless cycle that is difficult to break out of. Lack of education has also shown to lead to future unemployment and poor health. According to studies conducted by the National Center

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