Tissue Culture Essay

Improved Essays
History and Application of Plant Tissue Culture
HORT 306 Term Paper
Huan Wu 1. Introduction
Tissue Culture means the tissue or cells that separated form the origin organism.
Tissue culture technique is a very important tool for human society.
Tissue culture allows sample accurate and fast copy of advantage individual, making a lot of miracles based on science. It shortens the time for normal selection, and spread out controllable advantage traits.
Tissue Culture plays key role in crop selection. Tissue Culture is also a basic tool for trans-gene technique.
To these days animal tissue culture is mostly used in medical research, plant tissue culture is more commonly used. Plant cells are less complex than animal cells, they are sample
…show more content…
Resent development
Based on the availability of verity of technique, from 1980 to now, tissue culture was widely used in trans-gene to produce better crops.
Stronger and better plants was selected by tissue culture technique from then on, a lot of plants (crops and ornamental plants) that met human need was created in plant lab ever since. Nowadays, plant tissue culture was a very successful technique that used in almost all plant research.
3. Technique
Plants tissue culture technique is based on the concept of plant cell totipotency. The highly divided plant cell has the potential to reverse back to stem cell, and in correct environment, it can develop back to be a new plant.
The preparation for tissue culture technique was simple in these days.
The nutrition, growth factors and the environment vary depend on the plant type and the experiment goal.
1. obtain cell or tissue from the origin plant.
2. treat the tissue with nutrition and growth factors to obtain callus (this is a culture of undivided cell)
3. transfer tissue to petri dish or flasks and controlled environment. Treat with growth factors to form leaf and
…show more content…
Plant that produced by tissue culture is single gene sourced, by doing this, the advantage traits is secured to pass on to every plant. Tissue culture plant can easily and massively reproduce. And they are very controllable. Callus can cut in many pieces and each could grow to a plant. In farm production, one strawberry callus can reproduce 100 million new strawberry plants. Any new traits or rare traits can be amplified easily. Also, those labs made plants will not be affected by environment. Reproduction can be done anytime of the year. But there is one down side for tissue culture plant. Since all plants are copies of just one plant. They could be easily infected by insect and virus. The illness of those plants could be pass on to the next

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Advances in the field of genetic engineering have allowed scientists to generate genetically modified cells and organisms for research and biomedical purposes. During the past decade, numerous improvements have been made to better the world of agriculture. A few of these improvements are DNA isolation, disease resistance, and the ability to precisely locate genes. Agricultural performance rests on the interactions of genetics, management and the environment. Developing plant varieties expressing good agronomic characteristics is the ultimate goal of plant breeders.…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) is a group of bacteria that exists naturally in the soil and aid in plant’s growth by influencing different plant mechanisms. They actively colonize plant roots and increase plant growth and yield (Wu et al. 2005). PGPRs are widely studied elements for growth of plants under nutrient-stressed environment. PGPRs are beneficial bacteria and elevate nutrient level of plants.…

    • 1465 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Importance Of Hydroponics

    • 1080 Words
    • 5 Pages

    But, when it comes to hydroponics the inflow and outflow of this nutrients are very controlled. This can create a huge difference in the growth of plant. The plants will grow much faster and much more…

    • 1080 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Biotechnological applications such as genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, tissue culture, protoplast culture etc. has helped to produce improved quality crops. The use of chemical fertilizers can only increase the production but research on genetic level to identify genes can not only improve quality but quantity of crops too. Food crops affected from insects and microbes can be treated using the r-DNA technology. Also there has been development to produce plants in the lab inside a cultural flask.…

    • 732 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Hoy et al. ,(2003) also reported genotype and type of explant source affecting genetic uniformity resulting from tissue culture. Therefore, micro propagation through apical meristem is the best choice and alternative method for propagation because it produces genetically uniform plantlets with that of mother plant and multiplication rate also more rapid (Ali et al., 2008). (Parmessurv et al., 2002)reported that propagation used apical meristem was widely used to produce virus-free plants .Therefore, considering this importance researchers have been tried to develop a protocols for in vitro propagation of sugarcane using apical meristem explants (Cheema and Hussian, 2004; Singh et al., 2006;Uzma et…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The development of biotechnology for pesticide resistance is projected to play a critical role in the agricultural industry for its potential benefits in cell and tissue culture and genetic and biochemical techniques, though minimally used today. The most common role of biotechnology thus far has been the circumnavigation of resistance to herbicides, but remains to be applied to fungicides, insecticides and rodenticides. The latest biotechnology is being developed in its techniques for molecular understanding of biological processes such as antibody formation, ontogenesis and cancer. The new generation will allow agrichemical and pharmaceutical synthesis to dominate the current experimental chemical and biological techniques with biotechnology…

    • 780 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    So, with the use of genetically-modified bacteria, cheaply, quickly, and in large quantities we have received interferon, insulin, and some other drugs. Genetically modified plants can also produce medicinal substances. Most of the gene investigation aimed for the development of produces, that are resistant to pests, viruses, herbicides, or for the improvement taste and technical…

    • 1198 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS A genetically modified crop is a crop that’s DNA has been modified by genetic engineering. The way this works is that one organisms DNA is taken and is bonded with another organisms DNA creating a “hybrid” crop. Genetically modified crops have developed tremendously over the years and has changed and impacted daily life for farmers and crop consumers. Genetically modified crops have many positive effects such as increased productivity, lowering pesticide chemicals on crops, and even helps economically. Genetically modified crops is a fast growing technique and needs to keep growing to make an impact like it already has.…

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Plant Propagation Essay

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The new bud formed remain attached to the parent plant but it is detached when it get mature. Due to its asexual production it is identical to its parent plant. Grafting is a process of attaching a tissue of one plant to the tissue of another plant. It is process done by horticulturist, in which they take a bud of one plant and attach it to another plant after scratching or damaging the 2nd plant tissues to attach that bud. The budding refers to as plant propagation in which buds are grafted in stem of desired plant.…

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS Genetically modified foods refer to plants which are produced for both animal and human consumption through the use of modern molecular biology techniques. The plants have been changed in the laboratory to enhance the preferred features like better nutritional content or raise resistance to herbicides (Arvanitoyannis and Krystallis, 2005). The modification of the desired features has traditionally been carried out through breeding, but some of the breeding methods like conventional plant breeding consume a lot of time. Genetic engineering can modify plants which have exactly the desired features very fast and accurately. Genetic engineering is accepted and a necessary practice in biotechnology.…

    • 1194 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays