The Use Of A Mobile Phone While Driving Essay

716 Words Apr 15th, 2016 3 Pages
THE PROBLEM A driver is considered to be engaging in distracted driving when the driver’s attention is focused away from the primary task of driving, onto another person, object, or task, such as checking a mobile phone (WHO, 2011). In 2013, an estimated 424,000 people were injured and 3,154 people were killed in automobile crashes involving distracted driving (NHTS, 2015). These statistics reveal a decline from data received in 2008, in which 515,000 injuries and 5,870 fatalities were attributed to distracted driving (NHTSA, 2009). However, with trends suggesting that road traffic injuries will rise from being the ninth to the fifth leading cause of death and the increasing prevalence of texting among drivers, distracted driving through mobile phone usage continues to be a critical driving safety issue (WHO, 2011).
The use of a mobile phone while driving encompasses all three of the primary types of distracted driving- cognitive, visual, and manual distraction- as using a mobile phone to text or make phone calls causes drivers to take both their eyes and minds off the road and their surroundings, in addition to causing drivers to physically remove one or more of their hands from the steering wheel (WHO, 2011). Cell phone usage while driving increases the likelihood of being involved in an automobile collision, as drivers talking on the cellphone while driving are four times more likely to be involved in a crash (NSC, 2016). Furthermore, in comparison to drivers…

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