The Rise and Rule of single-party States
Contents1 The Rise and Rule of Single-party States * 1.1 The Emergence of single party states in Europe after 1917 * 1.2 China- Mao Zedong * 1.3 Italy- Benito Mussolini * 1.4 Germany- Adolf Hitler * 1.5 Russia- Josef Stalin * 1.6 Cuba- Fidel Castro |
* The 20th century produced many single-party states. The origins, ideology, form of government, organization, nature, and impact of these should be studied in this topic. Questions will be set on major themes. Some of these will require knowledge of two regions.
Major Themes * Origins of single-party states * conditions which produce single-party state. * emergence of leader: aims,
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Workers took over 600 factories. • Peasants began simply taking land. Paragraph: Mussolini’s background • Mussolini was the son of a blacksmith, and actively involved in Politics. • Editor of the Avanti, an official socialist newspaper. • Fought in the war, but was hurt in an army training exercise. Paragraph: Threat of Socialism • The Socialist party was gaining widespread support. Party membership grew from 50,000 before war to 200,000 in 1919. With increased membership came more strikes. • A wave of strikes shook Italian cities throughout 1919-1922. Rising prices with rising unemployment explain the increase in membership of the Italian socialist and communist parties. o 361 strikes in May of 1919. o 1920: Half a million workers on strike. • The general strike of the summer of 1922. Mussolini organized his fighting units and started to terrorize his opponents through physical force. The socialist party called for a general strike in July of 1922, but this was in Mussolini's favor. He was able to propose an ultimatum- either the Italian government stop the strikes, or he would. • Paragraph: Cult of Personality • Mussolini drew a wide assortment of support from different sections of Italian society. He was seen as a defender of private property and the social order. He organized the Fascio di Combattimento into an anti-socialist police force. •
Paragraph: March on Rome • By Autumn 1922, the fascists felt strong enough to bid for power.