Essay on The Philosophy And Science Of Caring

1577 Words Nov 11th, 2016 7 Pages
Theory Description
Watson wrote many books as her mid-range theory developed. Her first published work, Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring(1979), provided her students with a framework on how to care for patients. The carative factors and caritas model were based on Yalom’s eleven curative factors. Medicine is curative, so distinguishing nursing as a profession based on caring principles helps to delineate nursing from medicine as a separate science (Alligood, 2014, p. 86). Watson defines her theory as descriptive, therefore, it is hard to measure outcomes using established scientific methods, but through qualitative research approaches, positive outcomes can be assessed (Watson, 2012). Nelson and Watson (2011), conducted measurement reviews that formulated instruments to measure caring research and provided guidelines for all to use (Nelson & Watson, 2011).
The basis of the theory is about being caring to the soul rather than just doing acts of caring for the body (Alligood, 2014, p. 88). Watson saw a person as a whole with many parts that need to be addressed holistically which she derived from Margaret Newman’s own theory, Health as Expanding Consciousness (Macharia , Jelagat, & Juma, 2015). The ten carative factors are Watson’s main comprehensive concepts. The model of caring is guided by principles intertwined with each other. Science and art embrace humanities, spirituality, and dance with new magnitudes of mind-body-spirit medicine as well as nursing…

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