Essay The Ottawa Charter For Physical Activity

874 Words Dec 15th, 2016 4 Pages
Considerable public and scholarly discussion is devoted to health, self-care, and responsibility. For instance, The Ottawa Report from the first international conference on health promotion in 1986 stimulated debate regarding the acceptable balance between personal responsibility for health and the role of supportive environments in determining the health of populations. Based on the conference proceedings, the Ottawa Charter used a settings approach, which aimed to promote health ‘where people learn, work, play and love’. As a form of discourse and practice of groups and institutions, this position attempts to shift the emphasis away from personal responsibility to an acceptance of the wider environmental influences on health; however, this also makes individual health a social problem. Following a similar approach, the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity (2010) is an advocacy tool designed for use with decisions makers to build partnerships towards achieving a political commitment towards increasing policies and activities to increase health-enhancing physical activity. Likewise, physical inactivity and obesity become positioned as risks to both the individual body’s health and to the social body. Jan Wright (2015) writes, “one of the most powerful and pervasive discourses currently influencing ways of thinking about health and about bodies is that of the ‘obesity epidemic’. (p. ). This paper will present a critical review of health policy and obesity discourse,…

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