Appeals are made here both to emotion and to reader interests as a Canadian audience may let the question at hand motivate them to seek answers.
His focus then shifts more towards precedent when claiming that: “… our democracy has, for much of its history, been a dependent one, first on the United Kingdom and then on the United States” (Toope, 2013, P.223). Toope is taking Canada’s dependence on others in the past and comparing it with its “inability” through 150 years to write its own story as a nation. However, he goes on to make concessions in the following paragraph, stating that Canadians have much to be proud; For example, creating a society marked by relative openness to immigration, its ability to attract large numbers of people from foreign shores, encouraging social integration, its history of social mobility, and the explosion of talent and global recognition in recent years (Toope, 2013, P.224). The concessions made demonstrate Toope’s ability to recognize both sides of the argument without weakening his