Ethical Research Issues

Social science researchers need to consider how their presence may have an impact on the research being conducted. Additionally, to achieve ethical practices a selection of variables should be examined. Sieber (1993) has defined the term ‘ethics’ as “a set of moral principles and rules of conduct” and has stated that in research it can be applied to prevent harm or misconduct to participants. Furthermore, age and ethnicity are two important variables that should be recognised when social science research has been undertaken.
Health and medical issues relevant to children remains partial without the child’s perspective. However, ethical practices often require to gain parental consent before research is implemented on persons under age of
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Moreover, researchers must have an understanding of the culture of the minority ethnic community being studied and ensure that they have the cultural competency necessary to conduct research with minority ethnic communities. Culturally sensitive methodologies need to be applied as there are cultural differences in non­verbal communication. Gestures, touch, and eye contact in Asian, African, Middle Eastern and Western countries etc. can differ considerably. For instance, pointing with one finger is also considered to be offensive in Asians communities, therefore they typically use their entire hand to point. Furthermore, In the Middle East, the left hand is reserved for bodily hygiene and should not be used to touch another or transfer objects and in Muslim cultures, touch between opposite gendered individuals is generally inappropriate. Lastly eye contact in Western culture, is habitually interpreted as displaying attentiveness and honesty, although, Hispanic, Asian, Middle Eastern, and Native American, eye contact is thought to be disrespectful or …show more content…
Information about the study must be explained either in verbal or written form in a language understood and preferred by prospective participants. Researchers should ensure that translated versions of consent forms are available. When necessary, researchers must use the services of interpreters who have the language and knowledge competencies necessary to ensure consent is informed, rational and voluntary. Generating and analysing data Comparative analyses between racial/ethnic 'groups ' can be compromised if data collection tools operate differently for different 'groups ', for instance because of cultural incongruity. This is because languages requires the use of rigorous translation techniques with particular attention to ensuring conceptual equivalence. Researchers also need to be well informed about the cultural and social circumstances of research participants so that data are not misinterpreted or misrepresented. Processes such as mentioned should be used to avoid uncritically taking the 'majority ' or 'White ' group as the norm against which other 'groups ' are compared, over-emphasising 'race/ethnicity ' to the exclusion of other axes of difference and over-emphasising difference between 'groups ' so that absolute levels of outcomes/experiences of interest within particular 'groups ' are overlooked. Finally, presentation is important as if not carefully managed findings

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