Essay on The Effects of Leader and Follower Emotional Intelligence

7576 Words Oct 4th, 2010 31 Pages
The Leadership Quarterly 13 (2002) 243 – 274

The effects of leader and follower emotional intelligence on performance and attitude: An exploratory study
Chi-Sum Wonga,*, Kenneth S. Lawb,1 a Department of Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, China b Department of Management of Organizations, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong, China

Abstract Recently, increasing numbers of scholars have argued that emotional intelligence (EI) is a core variable that affects the performance of leaders. In this study, we develop a psychometrically sound and practically short EI measure that can be used in leadership and management studies. We also provide exploratory
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Many leadership researchers have also argued that effective leadership behavior fundamentally depends upon the leader’s ability to solve complex social problems that arise in organizations (e.g., Mumford, Zaccaro, Harding, Jacobs, & Fleishman, 2000; Zaccaro, Mumford, Connelly, Marks, & Gilbert, 2000). By integrating EI into modern theories of leadership, Hooijberg, Hunt, and Dodge (1997) presented a framework of the cognitive, social, and behavioral complexities of leadership. They argued that the social aspect of a leader’s capacity consisted of two components — social differentiation and social integration. Social differentiation was defined as ‘‘the ability of a managerial leader to discriminate and recognize the various facets, aspects, and significances of a given social situation over time. Social differentiation is a function of the leader’s ability to discern existing and potential patterns of social relationships; the leader’s ability to regulate emotions within self and recognize emotions in others; the number and degree of independence of a leaders’ value preferences; and the leader’s level of self-complexity’’ (p. 382). In other words, good leaders need to have a good understanding of their own emotions as well as those of others, and are able to regulate their own emotions when

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