Task 1 Essay

777 Words Jun 23rd, 2013 4 Pages
Frost, GKE1 Task 1 Page 1

GKE Task 1 Part A:
Over the centuries there have been many different environmental and geographical factors that have shaped the development of the United States. Two of these factors that I feel are extremely significant to this development are the Irish Potato Famine and the discovery of gold in California. The Irish Potato Famine began in Ireland in September 1845. The famine was caused by an airborne fungus, phytophthora infetans, which attacks the leaves of the plant, turning them black, causing them to curl and rot, ultimately killing the plant. The rotting plant makes the perfect environment for the fungus to multiply. The wind then carries the fungus spores to more healthy plants. (Irish Potato Famine,
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(The California Gold Rush, 1849, 2003) Both the environmental disaster of famine in Ireland and the environmental discovery of gold in California lead to immense migration to and across the United States, thus shaping and influencing the cultural dynamic of the United States.

Frost, GKE1 Task 1 Page 2

GKE Task 1 Part B:
Each Civilization has many reason why the original peoples of that group migrated and settled in a particular area. The Ancient Egyptians settled along the Nile River banks around 6,000 BC (Ancient Civilizations: Ancient Eqypt, 2008). The geographical factor of the Nile River had a huge impact on why it became in habited. Every year the Nile River floods bringing rich soil (Lectures on Ancient and Medieval European History, 2000) to the sandy arid area that is otherwise unusable. Without this yearly flood, the Egyptians would not have been able to produce crops and sustain a thriving metropolis as it did.

With such a successful civilization, it was only a matter of time before the seclusion that Egypt had been experiencing was over. Rome began rule over Egypt in 30 BC after Augustus defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra (Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, 2000). This take over by Rome did not create the fall of the Egyptian civilization, but actually seemed to enhance it. Although Egypt is such an arid desert wasteland, the Nile River banks were fertile enough to produce enough grain to supply Rome as well as itself. With the beginning of

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