How Does Alcohol Affect The Body

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Alcohol can not only damage parts of the body, but also directly poison the body. Many people, when encountering alcohol for the first time believe themselves to be invincible. They drink large amounts in short periods of time and may possibly die of alcohol poisoning or have to go to the hospital and get their stomachs pumped. This happens because alcohol affects the body 's heart rate and blood pressure, when large amounts are consumed in short periods of time one may fall into a coma and possibly die. One common instance of this is when young adults drink twenty-one shots for their
Smith 5 twenty first birthday. Although some may be able to handle this large amount of alcohol, others cannot take so much and die of alcohol poisoning. According
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Other parts of the user 's body that are affected with alcohol abuse are: weight, the heart, and birth defects. Alcoholic beverages contain sugar and various other carbohydrates. Common knowledge suggests that excessive consumption of sugar and many carbohydrates can lead to weight gain. Some alcoholics may experience tremendous weight gain due to drinking excessively. The drinking of alcohol can also lead to a higher blood pressure, which increases the risk of many heart problems such as: stroke, enlarged heart, and heart failure. It is common knowledge that a pregnant woman should never introduce drugs into her system, as they can seriously damage the fetus inside her womb. Still, some pregnant women drink alcohol while they are pregnant. An even worse scenario is when an alcoholic becomes pregnant and cannot quit her addiction while carrying her fetus. William Hermes says that, “The use of alcohol by pregnant woman can subject their infants to fetal alcohol syndrome. Infants suffering from this syndrome may have low birth weights and slower growth than normal infants...” (Hermes 34). The results of fetal alcohol syndrome may prove deadly to the child and will follow the human being throughout the rest of their lives if he or she …show more content…
The social impact of alcoholism is just as great as the physical or mental sides. Alcoholism can touch every aspect of the alcoholic 's life: friends, family, and even work. Being a depressant, alcohol can cause an abuser to feel lonely. It may cause the abuser to drift away from the friends they once had, losing the relationships that they once had. Stuart Smith supported this reasoning by saying, “When you have an addiction, such as alcohol, it makes it so that you would not have as many friends as you would otherwise, because you tend to keep to yourself” (Smith 1). Moderate and responsible use of alcohol at social gatherings can help lighten the mood, but abuse has a negative impact on many aspects of the user 's life, including

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