Smartphone Case Study

1292 Words 6 Pages
Prevention Exercises for smartphones users with Text Neck Pain (TNP).

Ahmed Gaballah1,2
1-Kinesiology and Health Sciences Department, Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA
2-Depaartment of sports Health Sciences, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt.

Text neck become one of the most harmful pain syndrome in neck and shoulder region. People 's lifestyle nowadays has depended on smart phones in communication, reading, and entertainment. Mobile device users frequently adopt prolonged forward head posture while looking down at the screens of mobile devices. The exaggeration on using mobile technology leaded to Text Neck Pain Syndrome (TNP). [1] [2]. The position of neck while using the smartphones causes fibrotic of muscular fibers and overstretching of muscles around the neck spins, possibly high prevalence of neck pain. [3]
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[5] Y. Xie, G. Szeto, J. Dai and P. Madeleine, "A comparison of muscle activity in using touchscreen smartphone among young people with and without chronic neck–shoulder pain," Ergonomics, vol. 591, p. 61–72, 2016.
[6] S. Berolo, R. Wells and B. Amick, "Musculoskeletal symptoms among mobile hand-held device users and their relationship to device use: A preliminary study in a Canadian university population.," Appl. Ergon., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 371-378, 2011.
[7] Z. Shan, G. Deng, Y. Li, Y. Zhang and Q. Zhao, "Correlational analysis of neck/shoulder pain and low back pain with the use of digital products, physical activity and psychological status among adolescents in Shanghai," PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 10,

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