Palo Alto Country Club Girls Golf Case Study

1369 Words 6 Pages
Methods Participants Twenty female participants were randomly selected from the Palo Alto Country Club girls golf program. Participants were included if they were a right-handed golfer, had a reported history of low back pain for 2 or more weeks, practice at least2 hours 4 times a week, and competed in at least 1 high school golf season. Participants were excluded if they had a history of serious trauma, had received any surgical interventions relating to the lumbar spine, had been diagnoses with another spine related injury in the past 6 months, have been treated for an injury using steroids, and had any skin irritations or diseases around or on the lumbar spine. Ages ranged from 13 years-18 years old with a mean of 16.5years of age.
The parents or legal guardians were required completed an informed consent form and attended a demonstration prior to the start of the experiment on behalf of the minor child. Upon meeting the inclusion requirement s and proper documentation participants were randomly divided into 2 groups based on the selection of previously coded envelopes the “treatment
…show more content…
Prior to the measurement the examiner using the Posterior superior iliac spice as a landmark to locate S2 spinous process. From there the skin was marked with black marker at T12/L1 and the S1/S2 levels. To evaluate lumbar flexion, the iPhone was placed bottom side on the T2/L2 marker. The participants were instructed to stand in neutral positon with feet shoulder width apart, and then to give their best effort to reach their max lumbar flexion. From the max lumbar position, participants were asked to maximally extend their lumbar spine. The same procedure was done with the iPhone placed on the S1/S2 marker. Calculations of total lumbar flexion and extension were obtained by subtracting the S1/S2 measurements from the T1/T2 measurements

Related Documents