The Effects Of Sleep Disorders

Improved Essays
How many nights have you stayed up late working, studying, binge watching Netflix or you just could not fall asleep? How many times have you regretted it the next morning? You have probably made yourself a cup—or three cups—of coffee, or made time for a little power nap during your break, but no matter how many naps or cups of coffee, the fatigue always seemed to creep back up on you. It is most likely that you are suffering from sleep deficiency. The amount of sleep that a person needs changes depending on their age. On average, teens need around 9 hours of sleep while adults should get 7-8 hours (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). In recent years, sleep deficiency has become a common health problem; almost a third of adults …show more content…
Sleep is essential for the health and function of the brain. Not receiving enough sleep instantly effects the way the brain operates, therefore, impairing an individual’s mental well-being. Psychological effects that a person may experience include trouble learning, focusing, and reacting. For children and teens, these effects can develop into attention deficits which can make them inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive (Smith, Robinson & Segal, 2016). “The main symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder […] are also symptoms of sleep deficiency” (Tasdelen, Karakaya, Kahraman & Oztop , 2015). Typically, children and teens who do not get enough sleep and suffer from ADHD struggle in school and simple tasks that require their attention. This can cause them to perform poorly within their course work and create stress. Teens and even adults may exhibit behavioral problems or mood swings because of not getting enough sleep or the stress that comes with sleep deficiency. Not getting the adequate amount of sleep for one night can make a person irritable, while continuous nights can have noticeable effects on a person’s overall …show more content…
Short term effects of sleep deficiency include tension headaches, body aches, acne and overall fatigue. When someone suffers from a sleeping disorder or has continuously deprived themselves of sleep they are at a high risk for developing long term severe problems. Sleep is involved in the health and healing of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the metabolism and immune systems (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012). Poor sleep quality has been linked to an increased risk of high blood pressure which is a major factor that can lead to cardiovascular disease (American Heart Association, n.d.). Sleep Apnea, a sleeping disorder, can also lead to high blood pressure and eventual heart disease (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2000). Along with heart problems, sleep deficiency is linked to obesity. According to Rangaraj & Knutson, “Experimental studies of SR have demonstrated an effect of short sleep on markers of positive energy balance such as decreased EE, increased feelings of hunger and appetite, increased food intake, and changes in appetite-regulating hormones. The effects of acute sleep curtailment on energy homeostasis could lead to weight gain overtime if sleep loss is extended for longer periods”. Sleep helps maintain a balance of hormones that make you feel

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Oversleeping has been connected with an increased risk of obesity, worsened depression, and headaches. People who get headaches easily may find themselves suffering from head pain when they sleep longer than usual. Morning headaches may also be caused when an individual sleeps too much during the day, which disrupts their sleep cycle at night. Oversleeping has also been connected with diabetes, heart disease, and an increased risk of death, although sleep may not be the cause of these conditions; depression and low socioeconomic status, which are also connected with oversleeping, may be the root cause. People with depression or low socioeconomic status may have a limited access to health care, causing illnesses to go undiagnosed.…

    • 1017 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The effects stress the magnitude of a healthy amount of sleep, and how crucial it is for our bodies and minds. This is especially true while being schooled as an adolescent. When looking at the effects of sleep on students, it is important to look at both the physical and emotional effects. Also many of the issues may snowball into worse, and sometimes deadly symptoms simply from sleep deprivation. When looking at mental effects, sleep has shown to control the ability to generate innovative solutions, sense of humor, and mood (Foster).…

    • 1769 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sleep deprivation is when an individual fails to get enough sleep over a long period of time. There are many factors in everyday life that can contribute to sleep deprivation. It could be school, work, or children if the individual has any. Any age group or gender can experience the mental and physical health effects of sleep deprivation which could be, difficulty remembering, weight gain and decreased performance. Many people struggle with managing their time so that they are able to get enough sleep and still be able to finish everything that they need to get done during their day along with being able to have free time.…

    • 1157 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Another integral part of the brain that is negatively affected by reduced sleep is the amygdala, which is located in the temporal lobe and also regulates memory, decision-making, and emotional reactions. With sleep loss, the amygdala is constantly being used and puts strain on it can lead to people to become angrier than usual and negatively affects their mood by focusing on more negative experiences and facial expressions. It can also lead to poor judgement and leads to an increase in desires (mic.com). Problems with lack of sleep not only affect the brain, but the whole body in general. Figure 1.1 shows the problems associated with sleep deprivation, ranging from respiratory issues, obesity, impaired immune system, and other horrendous affects (happyhour).…

    • 2235 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Many people suffer from sleep deprivation because of their circumstances in life, their busy jobs. Caregiving can also lead to sleep deprivation. Parents with newborns or young children are often sleep deprived. Teens and adolescents are commonly sleep deprived because of school work, a job, or their social life. Teens, who are going through hormonal changes, can also have a later sleeping schedule, which can lead to sleep deprivation (Gale Encyclopedia).…

    • 1502 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Insomnia is particularly dangerous because if a mental illness is not the cause of insomnia, insomnia and the prolonged exhaustion that accompanies it, could cause depression (Liqing, et al., 2016). Sleep apnea is a…

    • 1656 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are many problems with sleep loss and they have drastic effects. When teenagers and young people do not get enough sleep it can affect them heavily both mentally and physically. It is scientifically proven that not enough sleep can affect test scores as well as mental health. In most teens, their number one priority is school and it often comes second to sleep, what they do not know is that putting sleep first could actually improve…

    • 1147 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the major reasons why people should get enough sleep is that sleep in most instances determines an individual’s mood; therefore, it might result into melancholy. Lack of stimulants that are sent to an individual brain, a person who does not get enough amount of sleep especially during the night for some time consecutively are often susceptible to diverse negative feelings including irritability, high level of aggression, depression and even impatience. Whenever a person feels discouraged they often get so touchy, and this would affect the choice making process since in most instances, it gets problematic. It is thus vital for one to adequate amount of sleep irrespective of all the daily activities that one has or plans to accomplish during the day. It is worth noting that without getting enough sleep individuals will experience a highly lethal impact that often…

    • 1849 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Even if sleep deprivation is brief, it can make the individual irritable, frustrated, or even aggressive in some circumstances. A study was held on teenagers that were sleep deprived who showed higher levels of aggression, rather than ones who were getting regular sleep. As sleep deprivation increases, the sufferer can begin to lose interpersonal relationships with the people around them (Orzel 104). Over time he or she might isolate themselves from society as he or she does not have the energy or are not in the mood to talk to others. A major affect that was noticed among sleep-deprived sufferers was depression.…

    • 1536 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Sleep Deprivation Effects

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Sleep serves to restore the body from the stresses life brings, but what happens to the body when it lacks adequate sleep? The belief is that this deficiency wreaks havoc on all aspects of life, including academic performance, behavior, and physical health. In today’s society, the importance of sleep is commonly overlooked, despite the fact that it pertains to all people, of all ages, all over the world. Teenagers, specifically, have fallen victim to factors that hinder their ability to attain sufficient rest. After thorough research, one can determine the negative impact that sleep deficiency has on teenagers today.…

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays