Problematic Smartphone Use : A Conceptual Overview And Systematic Evaluation Of Relations With Anxiety And Depression
In which the authors collected data from bibliographic databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar) and used that data to perform a systematic review to find a correlation between mental disorders (specifically depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem) and problematic smart phone use.
The research design was a systemic review which lead to a meta-analysis and synthesis of sufficient studies over the relationship between problematic smart phone use and mental disorders. The researchers did not state a hypothesis but intended to create an overall conclusion of the link between problematic phone use and mental disorders since one did not exist before hand and one would have to consider individual studies.
Disadvantages of using a systemic review and meta-analysis are that they require a meticulous amount of procedures to find reliable data.
Additionally, to have a sound meta-analysis it leaves little to no room for violations in procedure even with small errors, results can be misleadingly skewed.
Another problem with systematic review is that it suffers from a publication bias where most studies published show a positive results and negatives results can commonly go unpublished. Search bias can also have an effect on the results if certain keys words were overlooked in this study the key…