Potential Anecedents Of Leininger's Culture Care Theory

778 Words 4 Pages
Potential antecedents of Leininger’s Culture Care Theory include cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity, and cultural skills. According to the NCCC (n.d) cultural awareness is the foundation of cultural competence and is defined as being observant and conscious of the similarities and differences among cultures. Cultural sensitivity starts with self-awareness (Rew, 2014). It also includes being aware of cultural similarities and differences and their effect on values, learning, and behaviors. Cultural skills are the necessary tools needed to gather relevant data from patients’ regarding their cultural needs and beliefs (Campinha-Bacote,, 2011). To conduct an effective cultural assessment the nurse need to utilized cultural …show more content…
(2012), Leininger’s Culture Care Theory plays a significant role in home nursing. The authors indicated that home care nurses have the ability to reinforce self-care in the home environment related to diet, medication regimens, and level of activities. For nurses to accomplish their job in home nursing, nurses need to consider the values and beliefs of the patient and those who are actively involved in the patient care. Ruschel et al. (2012) used the Sunrise Model to illustrate the use of preservation, accommodation, and remodeling in heart failure patients within home nursing. The authors indicated that preservation in home nursing occurs when the nurse acknowledges the patients values and beliefs and then incorporate them in the care plan. Accommodation is when the nurse is able to negotiate with the patient on self care activities in relation to cultural beliefs and values. An example of accommodation given in the article, was a nurse in the home care …show more content…
In Wagner’s article she used Leininger’s Theoretical Framework to describe the many barriers that Hispanic women faces in health care and how nurses can help this patient population overcome some of these barriers. Barriers affecting Hispanic women in healthcare are economic, cultural, and social. It was noted that less than 40% of the Hispanic population in the United States have a high school education. As a result, these individuals are more likely to hold lower-paying jobs without insurance benefits. Additionally, there are language barriers which is often the biggest obstacle in healthcare. Even more, extended family plays a vital role in healthcare decisions, as does the church. One social barrier affecting the Hispanics, is the fear of exposing their immigrant status, especially if they are here illegally. Wagner (2012) hold that nurses need to be aware of early sexual development in Hispanic teen girls since they begin developing much earlier than Caucasian girls. Educating mothers and adolescents girls about sex and HPV vaccine is crucial in increasing awareness among Hispanic patients. More importantly, nurses need to be nonjudgemental and supportive of this patient population by listening, accepting cultural beliefs, and including cultural knowledge into patient

Related Documents