Physician Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia Essay

1077 Words Apr 29th, 2015 null Page
Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is defined as a suicide that has been facilitated by a physician who is aware and provides the patient with means and information to conduct the suicide.1 Currently, there are only five states in the United States that allow PAS either through the mandate of law or through the mandate of court ruling.2 Despite being legal in Washington, reports have been stated that PAS program is rarely used.3 If such, what is the purpose of legalizing PAS then? Hence, my arguments against physician-assisted suicide include the definition of a moral and dignified death, the possible emergence of a slippery slope and why safeguards do not work.
One of the common arguments is on the issue of morality and dignity. Based on a study “ A National Survey of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the United States”, physicians asked patients the reason for seeking assisting suicide.4 Primary concerns were not due to the prevention of physical sufferings, but on the loss of control, being a burden on others and loss of dignity.4 This can be supported by statistics from Oregon which reported that 91.4% support the stand due to loss of autonomy, 71.4% on the loss of dignity, 31.4% on the ability to have power to control.5 Medically, dignity refers to people’s right to be valued and treated ethically. Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher of morality and ethics, stated that dignity is paired with the right of self-determination.6 Therefore, dignity is lost when…

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