Nursing 101 Essay

870 Words Nov 13th, 2012 4 Pages
According to CDC, Children are exposed to many hazards and risks as they grow and develop into adulthood. As they continue in their developmental milestone, injuries become the leading cause of death and disability for children and teenagers in the United States. The physical, social, cultural, and economic environments in which they live can significantly increase or decrease their injury risks. Children face a variety of situations that put them at risk for injury. Awareness of age-specific risks are key to effective prevention. Let’s look at the toddler age-group. Because of their size, growth and development, inexperience, and natural curiosity, they are particularly vulnerable to injury also referred as unintended injuries. …show more content…
Environmental Changes
Infant safety seats typically face the rear. Toddler seats more often face forward. It is central to the child’s safety that the correct seat for the child’s body weight be used, the correct routing of the seat belt around the safety seat be followed, and straps be adjusted to the child’s body and used (e.g., shoulder straps should not be slipped off and lap straps should go across the thighs, not the abdomen).
A regular seat belt is not safe for a child if the shoulder strap cuts across the child’s neck or face when fastened. A lap-only belt in such a case is safer, although it is not as protective as an age-appropriate safety seat. Environmental barriers such as fences between traffic and areas where children play (including driveways) are a preferred strategy. Research suggests that minivans and other vehicles with less visibility when backing up may be poor choices in a family with very young children.
Parents should have a rule that the car does not move until the child is secured in a safety seat. Children have been killed as their car pulled out of a driveway and the child slipped out of the door. Most children who have been in a safety seat from birth may never protest using the restraint. Others may undo their restraint if not supervised. Firmness, as well as contingent reward (receiving a reward for correct behavior) for use and sufficient entertaining attention when the child remains in the restraint helps.
Research has

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