Nursing 101 Essay
Infant safety seats typically face the rear. Toddler seats more often face forward. It is central to the child’s safety that the correct seat for the child’s body weight be used, the correct routing of the seat belt around the safety seat be followed, and straps be adjusted to the child’s body and used (e.g., shoulder straps should not be slipped off and lap straps should go across the thighs, not the abdomen).
A regular seat belt is not safe for a child if the shoulder strap cuts across the child’s neck or face when fastened. A lap-only belt in such a case is safer, although it is not as protective as an age-appropriate safety seat. Environmental barriers such as fences between traffic and areas where children play (including driveways) are a preferred strategy. Research suggests that minivans and other vehicles with less visibility when backing up may be poor choices in a family with very young children.
Parents should have a rule that the car does not move until the child is secured in a safety seat. Children have been killed as their car pulled out of a driveway and the child slipped out of the door. Most children who have been in a safety seat from birth may never protest using the restraint. Others may undo their restraint if not supervised. Firmness, as well as contingent reward (receiving a reward for correct behavior) for use and sufficient entertaining attention when the child remains in the restraint helps.