Mexican Liberalism

Though belief in the system of monarchy was present over much of Mexico from the 1700s to the early 1800’s, by 1867, the Mexican people ultimately rallied behind the principles of liberalism, leading to it’s full incorporation into Mexican Society. In order to understand the reason for this implementation, one must look at the popular ideologies held by the people of Mexico and it’s influence on their actions, during this time in which there was instability in their government. It is also important to see what role foreign invasions played in shaping the belief systems of the Mexican civilians. Lastly, the power of church and military members in government decisions and their function in keeping the citizens of Mexico from being seen as equal …show more content…
Following this, in 1808, the take over of Joseph Bonaparte in Spain caused many liberal criollos and lower class members to seek independence from Spanish rule in 1810. This lasted until 1820, when royalist members secured Mexico’s independence to maintain their control over governance, which resulted in emperor Iturbide. However, his abuse of power proved to be too much for the people, which changed the Empire to a Republic, in 1823. Between 1824-1832, three presidents ruled the republic in failure: 1) President Victoria- focused on foreign policy instead of the economy 2) President Guerrero- abolished slavery, expelled Peninsulares, and refused to give up power after an attempted Spanish Conquest 3) President Bustamante- became a dictator. These failures led to the Presidency of Santa Ana, who dealt with land battles and repayment to foreign governments until ousted by liberals in 1853. From then until 1867, liberals fought for control of government and against French rule, leading to Benito Juarez’s presidency. As a whole, liberalism triumphed because the people demanded a just and progressive government, which they saw possible with …show more content…
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Garcia, Octavio “ The Legacies of The Mexican Revolution.” lecture, California State University, San Marcos, CA, March, 2018.

Meyer, Micheal C., William L. Sherman, and Susan M. Deeds. The Course of Mexican History. 11. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Wasserman, Mark. Everyday Life and Politics in Nineteenth Century Mexico: Men, Women, and War. Albuquerque, NM: The University of New Mexico Press,

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