Leonardo Da Vinci: The High Renaissance

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The start of the 16th century is known as the High Renaissance, It is most famous for the Italian Art Masters such as Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael. These remarkable artists made art no longer a craft being made by craftsmen, on the contrary art became an almost noble like statues, something perceived as valuable and glorious. These Italian master arose in the time when Italy was in need of prestige and honorable buildings and in a time were artists no longer had to accommodate to the wishes of the their commissioner but to their own desires.

Leonardo Da Vinci born in 1452 as a bastard son, lived with his father in Tuscany where he became the apprentice of Verrocchio, born in 1435 in Florence. Andrea Del Verrocchio was a Florentine
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But his never-ending curiosity was also his weakness for most of his work was left unfinished. Around 1490 Da Vinci established the habit of recording his studies, which he divided between four main themes; Human anatomy, Architecture, Paintings and the Elements of Mechanics. His studies were written down mirrored.

After the fall of The Duke of Milan, Leonardo spent some time traveling and working for several patrons until in 1503 he began working on the Mona Lisa. Around this time his farther died and he was deprived of any inheritance, which might have been the reason why the Mona Lisa was finished since so many of his works weren’t.

Da Vinci also invented a new technique most apparent in his renowned piece, The Mona Lisa. This technique is known as Sfumato. By blurring the outlines and mellowing the colors he merges forms leaving something to the imagination, this is one of the reasons that the Mona Lisa’s facial expression is impossible to pin point.

Nearing the end of his career Da Vinci was appointed “Premier Painter and Engineer and Architect to the king” by the French Ruler Francis I. This gave him the chance to paint and draw at his own leisure. At the age of 67 in 1519 he Da Vinci died and was buried in the Church of
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Later on he did have the chance to prove his talent with sculpting creating figures so realistic and flowing that he was said to not create the figures, but have the layer of stone hiding the figure removed.

In 1504, Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo where both summoned to paint an fresco in the Palazzo Vecchio hall, recreating two scenes of bottle in the History of the Florentine republic. The Battle of Anghiari as well as the battle of Cascina.
The Battle of Anghiari fought on july 29 in 1440, was appointed to Da Vinci who portrayed it by using the method called “Encausto” to create a beautiful fresco.
The method which consisted of placing two big pots of burning wood in the hall, in the warmer termperature, the painted surface could dry faster. However not taking into account that vastness of the painting could not handle that, and let the paint flow over the plaster. Frustrated with his failure, Da Vinci gave up. Michelangelo however was appointed to paint the Battle of Cascina, not getting further then some preparatory drawings, for Pope Julius II called on

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