K9 Police Essay

740 Words 3 Pages
K-9 police officers work closely with their dogs to enforce laws and apprehend criminals. With relatively few positions available in the field, an assignment to the canine unit is highly coveted amongst law enforcement professionals.

A K-9 handler can use their dog to enforce public order while on patrol. A primary role for police dogs is pursuing and apprehending suspects that attempt to escape law enforcement officers. Dogs tend to be trained for one specialty skill such as identifying narcotics or smuggled goods, search and rescue operations, detecting accelerants at an arson scene, or locating human remains.

The dog is a proven deterrent to criminals who might otherwise try to confront the officer. The handler must be
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Bloodhounds are often used for search and rescue operations and as cadaver detecting dogs. Beagles are often used for detection of illegal substances and explosives in airport baggage.
Education and Training

To apply for a position as a police officer, a candidate generally needs to earn a degree in criminal justice. Once accepted for training, they must successfully complete a 12 to 14 week police academy course. A new officer must usually acquire two to three years of patrol experience before applying for any available openings in the K-9 unit.

Police dogs begin their training at approximately one to two years of age. Temperament tests are an initial qualifying factor, as dogs must be able to adapt to various environments and rapidly changing situations. Dogs should also show some defense drive and a good instinct to chase prey. They should also be able to pass a comprehensive physical exam by a veterinarian to ensure that they do not exhibit any faults common to the breed (for example hip dysplasia in German Shepherds).

Once an officer is assigned a dog there is an intensive training process where the pair completes agility and obedience work, search training, tracking and scouting exercises, bite work, protection and simulated suspect apprehension scenarios, and tactical deployment exercises. The officer will also complete coursework on canine behavior and first aid techniques.

There are many organizations dedicated to canine

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