International Organization For Standardization ( Iso ) Essay
1.1 Background Information on EHR
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in EHR adoption in many countries this is due to an increasing recognition that a stronger health information technology (HIT) is crucial to achieve a higher quality care at lower costs. EHR has been identified to be an important integral part of an efficient health care information system that guarantees positive health outcomes1-3. According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), EHR is defined as a repository of patient data in digital form, stored and exchanged securely, and accessible by multiple authorized users4. It contains retrospective, concurrent, and prospective information and its primary purpose is to support continuing, efficient, and quality integrated health4.
It plays significant roles in the healthcare system and it has been applied in various ways in the healthcare system. Many studies conducted in different health care settings have indicated that broad and appropriate application of EHR in the healthcare system will assist health professionals to reduce medical errors, achieve better effective care coordination, improve patient safety and care quality, and decrease health care costs.1, 3,5 For example, by making a significant patients information available electronically, health care information systems can help to prevent ordering of duplicate tests and procedures, thereby reduce patients’ expenditures on health care…