In What Way Does Using the Sensorial Materials Help the Child’s Whole Development? Give Examples

2250 Words Dec 26th, 2011 9 Pages

In what way does using the sensorial materials help the child’s whole development? Give examples

“All knowledge comes through the senses” – Aristotle

The word sensorial is derived from the words sense or senses. The conventional five senses, attributed to Aristotle, are classified as sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste. However, humans have at least nine different senses including interoceptive senses such as thermoception (heat, cold), nociception (pain), equilibrioception (balance, gravity), proprioception & kinesthesia (joint motion and acceleration) and sense of time.

Maria Montessori believed that sensorial experiences started in the womb and continued after birth and that through his senses the child is
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The Montessori sensorial exercises are designed to help the child sharpen his senses and form an understanding of the impressions he receives through his senses. It is not only the development of the senses that happens during the exploration and discovery process, but most importantly it is the development of the entire personality that occurs; this includes the mind, body and spirit of the child. The sensorial materials and exercises encourage and guide the development of character, and ensures that all else follows naturally. This includes the intellectual and spatial skills as well as an understanding of context. This development that occurs helps the child to become a unique individual - a member of his time, place and culture. Therefore it can be said that sensorial materials and exercises assist in the holistic development of the child in all spheres of life.

Sensorial materials were designed by Montessori to include every concept that could be conveyed by the senses such as size, shape, composition, texture, loudness, softness, matching, weight, temperature etc. The exercises cover a wide range of senses and were categorised by Montessori into eight different groups, namely Visual, Tactile, Baric, Thermic, Auditory, Olfactory, Gustatory and Stereognostic senses.

The Tactile sense: The child learns through his sense of touch. Example: Through the use of rough and smooth board sets, the child’s hand is prepared for writing. The contrast between

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