Argument Against The Death Penalty

1228 Words 5 Pages
Penalty: Efficiency versus civil rights
Progressively, in the path of social evolution, states and individuals reach unanimity that some practices are intolerable. Ceremonial human sacrifice, slavery, corporeal torture, and the death penalty are some of these practices (Yorke, 2005). Many countries have abolished the practice of death penalty. Nevertheless, it should be noted that internationally unanimity against this act is yet to be reached. For instance, the Republic of China puts to death thousands of individuals annually. The United States of America also practices capital punishment habitually. Worldwide, 84 countries uphold the use of death penalty. Nevertheless, the number of nations practicing death sentence is decreasing (Berman,
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The doctrine declared that rights to life are unconditional fashions, any confines being only inherent. Acknowledging that universal ending of the judicial execution was not going to be an achievable objective in the subsequent years after the Universal Declaration, the UN moved its emphasis to restrain the scope of judicial execution to guard teenagers, pregnant women, and the aging.
Between the 1950s and 1960s, ensuing global human rights agreements were formulated (Bohm, 2012). They included the ICCPR, the ECHR, and the ACHR. The above treaties also protected the right to life. However, they acknowledged judicial execution as an exemption, which ought to be combined with stringent bureaucratic precautions. In spite of this exclusion, several countries in Western Europe discontinued the use of death
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The step was heavily criticized by countries like the USA that upheld the use of death sentence. For example, Singapore opposed the move stating that the act was not a human right concern. After 74 nations had withdrawn from endorsing the resolution, the initiative nose-dived. Nevertheless, many countries still called for the abolition of the practice stating that the practice was a serious human rights issue. Three years later, in the year 1997, the resolution was approved. During the approval, the UNHCHR emphasized that the eradication of judicial execution enhances the improvement of human self-worth and to the liberal advancement of human rights. The resolution was boosted in succeeding resolves by an appeal for a restraint of wrongdoings for which the judicial execution may be enforced and for a suspension on any killings leading ultimately to the abolition of the act.

Challenging the legal execution is not perceived exclusively as an in-house issue among countries. Several EU nations together with Canada and Mexico have repelled deporting individuals to countries like the USA not until there are pledges that the death execution will

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