Importance Of Adherence In Healthcare

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Medication Adherence in Primary Care Treating chronic illnesses usually includes pharmacotherapy management. Even though medications are effective in treating and preventing progression of disease processes; “their full benefits are often not realized because approximately 50% of patients do not take their medications as prescribed” (Brown & Bussell, 2011, p. 304). Woo & Wynne (2012) stated that “poor medication adherence leads to increased healthcare costs; 33 to 69 percent of medication-related hospital admissions are related to poor adherence, at a cost of $100 billion per year” (p. 24). Brown and Bussell (2011) explained a person’s behavior in taking medications, following a diet, and/or lifestyle changes can greatly improve the health outcome of the individual, as well as, the adherence to the recommendations from their healthcare provider.
Medication Adherence and Health Literacy Issue Some of the reasons for this non-adherence are patient choice, but it is no secret that health literacy plays an important role in patient’s adherence to medications. Johnson, Moser, and Garwood (2013) explained health literacy is a vital component in order for patients to understand their basic health information and the services needed to make informed and appropriate health decisions. Unfortunately,
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Lin et al., (2012) identified some of these as: collaborating to formulate specific and measurable targets, supporting self-care by motivating patient to self-monitor and adhere to medications and lifestyle changes, monitoring progress by proactive tracking and having weekly multidisciplinary case reviews to discuss this progress. Lin further stated by using a team-based approach as described above, can enhance disease control, quality of life and medication adherence among patient with sometimes complex healthcare

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