Case Study Of The Health Promotion Model By Nola Pender?

1252 Words 6 Pages
Lack of patient compliance with health and medicine regimen cost the United States healthcare system billions of dollars contributing to rising healthcare costs (McGuire & Iuga, 2014, p. 35). This behavior translates to unscheduled outpatient visits such as emergency room utilization and high inpatient readmission rates. Patients with chronic diseases such as Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Asthma, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) experience high readmission rates due to poor compliance with plan of care, which takes away critical healthcare resources for patients with acute health issues (Mahoney, Ansell, Fleming, & Butterworth, 2008, p. 2). The high readmission rate often results in scheduled …show more content…
The model fits a patient education approach to resolving the problem with poor patient compliance. Using HPM, the nurse takes on the role of educator and performs the initial task of assessing the patient’s perception of health in order to develop individual plans of care. This allows the nurse to create a comprehensive plan tailored to the individual patient so that the patient is able to achieve optimal self-care and disease prevention. By performing a thorough assessment and constructing a highly individualized plan of care, the nurse is able to focus on the patient’s strengths and identify weaknesses that prevent the patient from achieving compliance, and to take responsibility for their role in their own health and wellness. Empowering the patients will motivate them to make the necessary changes in behavior as well as their environment in order to promote better health outcomes (Petiprin, …show more content…
James Hall (Alligood, 2014). Dr. Hall studied the relationship between peoples’ thoughts and how it influenced their behavior and motivation; Pender extended this concept towards developing a model for preventative health behavior, and subsequently conceived the HPM. HPM was borne out of observing healthcare professionals intervening only after patients developed acute or chronic health problems (Petiprin, 2015), and Pender realized that the first opportunity to help patients improve their health is to prevent health problems through behavior modification and emphasizing prevention. Pender’s model not only improves the patient’s quality of life at all stages of development and maintaining functional ability, but contributes to decreasing overall healthcare costs by preventing the occurrence of complications and expensive interventions. The HPM recognizes that the patient’s family and loved ones as well as healthcare providers can greatly influence a patient’s behavior in a negative or positive way and acknowledging the role of these external factors can help improve engagement in health promoting behavior (Gonzalo, 2010). Nice

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