Impact Of Teenage Pregnancy On Mental Health

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MPACT ON MENTAL HEALTH DUE TO TEEN PREGNANCY 3
The Impact of Teenage Pregnancy on Mental Health
In the United States, it is not uncommon to come in contact with expectant teenage mothers or already-teenage mothers on an almost everyday basis. Though the teen pregnancy rate has decreased by half since 1990, hundreds of thousands of adolescents, between the ages of fifteen and nineteen years old, become pregnant each year. The United States is in the lead for having the highest number of teenage pregnancies, compared to other developed countries such as Canada and the United Kingdom (The Office of Adolescent Health). The research that was conducted for this paper proves that pregnancy does in fact have an effect on a young woman 's mental health.
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Unfortunately, other factors can play a major role and lead to a different outcome. Abortion, adoption, and fetal/mother detriments are some of the main outcomes that lead to the child not being carried to term or raised by the mother. About twenty-percent of all abortions are performed on teenagers. Pregnant teenagers who abort their baby are more likely to physically show their emotion than women who abort as adults. Teenage abortion has been linked to psychological and physical problems, such as drug and alcohol abuse and suicide/suicidal attempts (Sobie, A.R). Psychologically, most women who abort will feel a sense of guilt, depression, and thoughts of wishing they kept the baby. Teenagers also have a tough time dealing with their abortion. They are more likely to suffer from nightmares, antisocial behavior, and psychotic delusions (Sobie, A.R). Physically, teenagers who abort are more likely to suffer from post-abortion infections/diseases such as, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and Endometriosis. Abortion is something that can really be detrimental to a young woman 's mental health due to all the psychological and physical factors that come with …show more content…
Teenagers who give their baby up for adoption either have a feeling of relief, or a feeling of guilt and depression, depending on the circumstances. Young women sometimes will feel a sense of guilt after adoption because they feel ashamed that they couldn 't provide the proper care financially or emotionally for the baby. At the same time, young women may have a sense of relief because they are giving the baby a chance at having a stable life with a new family. Not all teenage mothers choose to give up their baby either through abortion or adoption. Unfortunately, other environmental factors can affect the mother or fetus and cause the fetus to pass away in the womb before birth. As of 2010, in the United States, fifteen percent of adolescent pregnancies resulted in a miscarriage (The Office of Adolescent Health). A miscarriage occurs within the first 3 months of a pregnancy before gestation, and for most teenagers, it can be seriously damaging. A miscarriage can cause severe emotional damage, involving symptoms of depression, anger, guilt, trouble sleeping, and even loss of appetite (After a

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