History of Human Services Essay

1590 Words Oct 19th, 2012 7 Pages
History of Human Services
HHS 201: Introduction to Human Services
Instructor: Tykeysha Boone
August 20, 2012

It is common for people to expect something in return for helping someone out or providing them with a specific service. It is also very common for people to expect to have to give up something in return for asking for help or specific services. While not everyone believes that those who are in need should be helped, there are opposing positions which feel that reform is a way to retract and counteract the situation the for the person in need.
In order to get a better understanding of what is needed in the present time, we must first learn and understand how and why people of the western culture helped others through human
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(Mandell & Schram, 2012)
Juvenile Justice: * The child-saving movement was the efforts of reformers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to rescue children from unwholesome influences which led to the development of children’s institutions, foster care, and the juvenile court (pg 55). * The juvenile court system was based on the belief that children who break the law should not be punished like adults (pg55). * Juvenile reformatories were supposed to protect youngsters humanely from the corrupting influences of adult criminals but youth were found guilty and was assigned to a reformatory without trial and with a minimum of legal protection because legal due process was assumed to be unnecessary since reformatories were intended to reform and not punish (pg 55). * Now juveniles have the right to know the charges against them, the right to have their own lawyer, and the right to confront and cross-examine their accuser and witnesses (pg 56).
(Mandell & Schram, 2011)
Criminal Justice: * The U.S. is the world’s leader in incarceration with 2.3 million people in the nation’s prisons or jails in 2010 (pg 58). * Even though most of the prisoners are men, the number of mothers in America’s state prison has reached a record high (pg 58). * Many of the mothers who have been sentenced to prison had previously received TANF (pg 58). * Another reason for the increase in incarcerations has been the imprisonment of undocumented

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