Essay on Gorvernments

1107 Words Oct 14th, 2012 5 Pages
There are three different types of government:

I. Unitary Government

The unitary government as one can tell from the above figure is a centralized government. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. The central government creates local units of government for its own convenience. Most of the governments in the world are unitary. One single central organ is Parliament it holds all the power of the government. Local governments do exist but solely to relieve Parliament of burdens it could perform only with difficulty and inconvenience.
The central government in a unitary system is responsible for managing national-level concerns such as foreign relations,
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Greater unity and stability


1. Central government out of touch with local concerns
2. Slow in meeting local problems
3. If the central government gets too involved in local problems it may not meet the needs of all its citizens

II. Federal Government

As opposed to the unitary system of governance, the federal system is itself the system established by the states who come together to form the central government, central legislative body such as the parliament and the judicial system. A distinct, defining characteristic of any federal system is that the states form the central government and surrender a part of their powers and jurisdictions to the central governmental. The relation between the central government and states, and their empowerment is governed by the constitution and is administrated by the judiciary.


1. Federal unity but local governments handle local problems
2. Local government/officials have to be responsive to people who elect them
3. Central government can devote more time and energy to national and international problems
4. More opportunities for participation in making decisions – in influencing what is taught in the schools and in deciding where highways and government projects are to be built DISADVANTAGES

1. Duplication of services
2. Citizens living in different parts of the

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