Genetically And Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

1598 Words Mar 15th, 2016 7 Pages
GMO’s or genetically modified organisms as they are most known by have been in the spotlight in recent years and are the source of a great debate that is happening all over the world. To get a better understanding we need to define what a GMO is and how it is used in our food supply. Genetically Modified Organisms are described as being an organism that has genetically been altered by changing the characteristics of the gene by inserting a gene from another organism. In general the idea is to introduce a new trait to the plant that doesn’t occur naturally in the species. Examples in food crops include resistance to certain pests, diseases, or environmental conditions, reduction of spoilage, or resistance to chemical treatments (Wiki.com).
History shows that modification of food itself due to humans has been around since 12,000 BC with the domestication of crops and artificial selection. Genetic engineering on the other hand was the result of direct transfer of DNA from one organism to another by Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen in 1973. The first genetically altered plant was a tobacco plant in 1983 followed by various trials and in 1994 the first marketed food on grocery shelves was the tomato. Since then numerous crops of GMO foods have been introduced into almost every food category increasing the amount and times consumers can purchase foods. Whether or not GMO’s are here to stay is an increasing question with science in favor on both sides.

GMO’s: Genetically…

Related Documents