Essay on Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing

943 Words Feb 28th, 2014 4 Pages

Many confusing factors make it a task to establish, monitor and sustain ethical and legal issues in nursing. Everyone has various personal views based on experiences of life, religion, education and political affiliations, all nurses should be aware about nursing laws and ethics and understand how nursing legal issues can affect them. The American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics is very influential to nurses because it is used as a framework for making ethical decisions with all aspects of health care. The foundation in any successful professional practice, are based on ethics, values, morals and principles from which the ANA Code of Ethics are formatted. Moral leadership in nursing is
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Nurses should respect the patient’s belief even when it is not right according to what their own values are. As nurses we perform different tasks such as: taking care of patient, decision making, as well as acting as patient advocate. Nurses are accountable for their ethical conduct (ANA, 2004) .It is important that Nurses are aware of their professional ethical and moral principles of their duties. Nurses need to have a clear understanding of the ethical principles in decision making and consider their own values and beliefs and the values and beliefs of their patients.
There are several laws in the United States of America that affects nursing and how the nurse should care for and relate to her patient. Only a few of these laws apply to the situations reviewed in both case studies and those are the ones that will be elaborated on. In the case of the woman on the respirator, the statutory law will be applicable. Under statutory law, “patients have the right to declare their wishes regarding treatment decisions” (Koernig Blais & Hayes, 2011). According to the case study, the patient did not have an Advance Healthcare Directive, therefore statutory laws will not be violated in the family’s decisions regarding her care.
In the case of the impaired nurse, any or all of the following legal aspects could apply: The nurse’s license

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