English Language Learners : The Fastest Growing Student Population Within The United States

1219 Words Nov 28th, 2016 5 Pages
English language learners (ELLs) are the fastest growing student population within the United States. According to a recent report by the U.S Government Accountability Office, approximately 5 million ELL students were enrolled in schools, representing an estimated 10% of all public school students (GAO, 2006). In California, it is already the case that more than 25% of the students in grades PK-12 are ELLs (Stokes-Guinan & Goldenberg, 2010). Therefore, it is of utmost importance to understand the issues concerning instruction, assessment and classification of ELL students for educators, administrators and school psychologists. It is also imperative to note that English language proficiency assessments play a vital role in the life of an ELL student. Assessment impacts the ELL student’s curriculum and instruction, which directly impact the student’s academic success.
Specific mandates regarding ELLs under Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) to Title I of the ESEA have greatly impacted the policies in assessing ELL students. The fair and valid assessment of ELL students is among the top priorities on the national educational agenda (Francis, Rivera, Lesaux, Kieffer &Rivera, 2006). States are required to provide an annual academic assessment of English language proficiency and assure the monitoring of students’ English language development. These new mandates have generated significant challenges…

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